Table 1

Demographics and other characteristics of the study sample of Cretan adults.

Men (N = 250)

Women (N = 236)


Mean (SD) or %

p value1


Age (years)

39 (14)

39 (13)

-2

District of residence (% urban)

86.4

85.6

-

Tobacco use (% current use)

37.7

31.0

-

BMI (kg/m2)

26.8 (3.5)

26.1 (5.8)

<0.001

Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)

129.4 (16.7)

124.2 (20.3)

<0.001

Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)

84.3 (10.0)

79.2 (10.9)

<0.001

Total cholesterol (mg/dL)

224.0 (50.3)

221.7 (54.0)

-

Triglycerides (mg/dL)

128.2 (83.3)

99.9 (56.9)

<0.001

HDL-cholesterol (mg/dL)

45.3 (9.8)

56.5 (12.2)

<0.001

Energy intake (kcal/day) 3

2133 (793)

1605 (629)

<0.001

Total fat (% energy)3

39.7 (9.8)

40.2 (11.1)

-

SFA (% energy) 3

11.5 (5.0)

11.1 (4.9)

-

Dietary cholesterol (mg/day)3

213.7 (157.4)

153.6 (130.9)

<0.001

Dietary fibre (g/day)3

22.1 (11.3)

18.7 (11.0)

0.001


1 Analysis of variance (ANOVA) or chi-squared test.

2 Not statistically significant.

3 N = 197 for men and N = 186 for women

Hatzis et al. Nutrition Journal 2006 5:5   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-5-5

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