Table 1

Baseline characteristics of the supplemented and placebo groups

Characteristics

Supplemented group

(n 456)

Placebo group

(n 454)


Age in years: median (interquartile range)

72 (68.0 – 76.0)

71 (68.0 – 76.0)

Body mass index in kg/m2: mean (SD)

28.2 (4.2)

27.9 (4.1)

Women: n (%)

217 (48)

214 (47)

Current smoker: n (%)

57 (13)

63 (14)

Past or present hypertension: n (%)

188 (41)

172 (38)

Past or present heart disorders: n (%)

137 (30)

130 (29)

Past or present chest disorders: n (%)

86 (19)

87 (19)

Past or present diabetes: n (%)

37 (8)

42 (9)

Past or present cancer: n (%)

46 (10)

46 (10)

Past or present cerebrovascular disease: n (%)

31 (7)

22 (5)

At risk of iron, folate, vitamin C or vitamin D deficiency: n (%)

145 (32)

117 (26)


McNeill et al. Nutrition Journal 2007 6:10   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-6-10

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