Table 3

Changes in macronutrient and fiber intake in both groups from baseline

Variable per day

TFG (n = 35)

TFG (n = 35)

TFG (n = 35)

MRG (n = 35)

MRG (n = 35)

MRG (n = 35)


Baseline

6 month

Year 1

Baseline

6 month

Year 1


Energy (kilojoules, kJ)

8047 (2356)

6124 (1583)

5729 (1424)

8408 (2213)

5838 (1621)

5993 (2016)

Energy (kilocalories, kcal)

1916 (561)

1458 (377)

1364 (339)

2002 (527)

1390 (386)

1427 (480)

Carbohydrates %

48.3 (8.2)

49.9 (8.3) b

50.1 (10.6)

49.5 (7.6)

56.6 (8.7)b

55.04(11.6)

Protein %

15.1 (3.8)

19.2 (4.1)

19.2 (4.6) c

15.4 (3.2)

17.8 (4.1)

16.8 (3.1) c

Fat %

35.3 (6.6)

30.7 (6.9)

31.0 (8.1)

35.35 (6.7)

27.36 (7.4)

29.41 (9.8)

Saturated Fat %

11.9 (3.3)

10.4 (2.4)

10.2 (3.2)

12.0 (2.5)

9.5 (2.9)

9.8 (3.3)

Cholesterol (mg)

200 (104) a

199 (122)

193 (91)

261 (117) a

156 (103)

165 (126)

Dietary Fiber (g)

5 (2)

17 (5) b

16 (7)

6 (2)

20 (7) b

18 (8)


a Significant difference (p ≤ 0.05) between groups at baseline

b Significant difference (p ≤ 0.05) between groups at 6 months

c Significant difference (p ≤ 0.05) between groups at 1 year

Ashley et al. Nutrition Journal 2007 6:12   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-6-12

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