Table 4

Changes in micronutrient (vitamin) intake in both groups from baseline

Variable per day

TFG (n = 35)

TFG (n = 35)

TFG (n = 35)

MRG (n = 35)

MRG (n = 35)

MRG (n = 35)


Baseline

6 month

Year 1

Baseline

6 month

Year 1


Vitamin A (RAE) mcg

604 (314)

795 (401) b

904 (517) c

676 (302)

1480 (671)b

1314 (776) c

Beta Carotene (μg)

1693 (1534)

2913 (2236)

3424 (2979)

2455 (2072)

4440 (4429)

3315 (3935)

Vitamin D (mcg)

4 (3)

4 (2) b

5 (9)

5 (2)

8 (3)b

7 (3)

Vitamin E (AT) mg

9 (6)

6 (3) b

7 (4) c

10 (5)

11 (8) b

12 (9)c

Vitamin K (mcg)

76 (44)

88 (59)

95 (73)

100 (96)

110 (55)

118 (95)

Vitamin C (mg)

65 (38)

103 (60) b

81 (44) c

82 (53)

155 (70)b

134 (101)c

Thiamin (mg)

1.6 (0.5)

1.2 (0.3) b

1.3 (0.3)

1.6 (0.5)

1.5 (0.4)b

1.4 (0.4 0)

Riboflavin (mg)

1.6 (0.5) a

1.5 (0.4) b

1.5 (0.5) c

1.9 (0.6)a

1.9 (0.5)b

1.8 (0.4)c

Niacin (mg)

22 (8)

20 (5) b

20 (6)

22 (7)

24 (7)b

22 (7)

Pantothenic Acid (mg)

4 (2) a

4 (1) b

4 (2) c

5 (2) a

8 (2)b

7 (2)c

Vitamin B6 (mg)

1.6 (0.6)

1.6 (0.4) b

1.6 (0.5) c

1.8 (0.6)

2.3 (0.7)b

2.2 (0.7)c

Folate (mcg)

340 (138)

315 (90) b

338 (111)

386 (131)

383 (88)b

362 (129)

Vitamin B12 (mcg)

3.3 (1.5) a

3.6 (1.7) b

4.0 (3.1)

4.6 (3.0)a

5.9 (4.8)b

6.3 (8.0)


a Significant difference (p ≤ 0.05) between groups at baseline

b Significant difference (p ≤ 0.05) between groups at 6 months

c Significant difference (p ≤ 0.05) between groups at 1 year

Ashley et al. Nutrition Journal 2007 6:12   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-6-12

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