Table 2

Nutritional composition of the three experimental diets (based on 2400 kcal/d); determined from chemical assay

Nutrients

AAD

LA Diet

ALA Diet


CHO*

49.8

46.8

46.3

Protein*

15.7

16.1

16.1

Total Fat*

34.5

37.1 †

37.6 †

SFA*

12.7

8.5 †

8.2 †

MUFA*

13.2

12.2

12.3

PUFA*

8.7

16.4 †

17.2 †

LA*

7.7

12.6 †

10.5 †¶

ALA*

0.8

3.6 †

6.5 †¶

LA/ALA (n-6/n-3)

9.5/1

3.5/1 †

1.6/1 †¶

Cholesterol** (mg/d)

310.8

303.5

305.0

Calcium** (mg)

975.3

1030.9

1016.8

Vitamin D** (μg/IU)

4.704/188.145

4.667/186.708

4.658/186.302


*Values are % energy; **Calculated using Nutritionist V; AAD: Average American Diet

LA Diet: A diet high in PUFA and LA; ALA Diet: A diet high in PUFA and ALA

CHO: Carbohydrate; SFA: Saturated fatty acids; MUFA: Monounsaturated fatty acids;

PUFA: Polyunsaturated fatty acids; LA: Linoleic acid; ALA: α-linolenic acid

†: P < 0.05 compared with AAD for assayed data

¶: P < 0.05 compared with LA Diet for assayed data

Griel et al. Nutrition Journal 2007 6:2   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-6-2

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