Table 2

Differences in plausible dietary intake between BMI and WC groups in men

BMI

WC



< 25 kg/m2

25–30 kg/m2

≥30 kg/m2

P

< 94 cm

94–102 cm

≥102 cm

P

n = 225

n = 226

n = 34

n = 333

n = 109

n = 43


Total EI (kcal/d)

2758.2 ± 401.0

2777.0 ± 459.1a

2938.9 ± 409.6a,b

<0.001

2757.0 ± 410.8

2789.2 ± 480.8a

2931.0 ± 430.8a,b

<0.001

Protein

(kcal/d)

413.0 ± 113.1

429.2 ± 88.3a

477.2 ± 120.5a,b

<0.001

414.4 ± 105.8

436.7 ± 95.4a

477.6 ± 92.1a,b

<0.001

(%E)

15.0 ± 3.2

15.5 ± 2.6

16.4 ± 4.2

0.059

15.1 ± 3.0

15.8 ± 3.0

16.4 ± 2.8a

0.043

Carbohydrate

(kcal/d)

1326.0 ± 288.2

1242.8 ± 275.5

1260.6 ± 313.5

0.883

1308.0 ± 284.9

1232.6 ± 274.4

1213.5 ± 306.9

0.991

(%E)

48.0 ± 7.5

44.8 ± 7.3a

42.5 ± 6.7a

<0.001

47.4 ± 7.7

44.1 ± 6.1a

41.1 ± 6.6a,b

<0.001

Sugar

(kcal/d)

310.5 ± 185.9

277.1 ± 143.4

289.7 ± 182.1

0.945

299.8 ± 174.5

284.2 ± 142.4

268.6 ± 171.3

0.408

(%E)

11.2 ± 6.2

10.0 ± 4.7

9.7 ± 5.7

0.683

10.8 ± 5.8

10.1 ± 4.7

9.0 ± 5.3

0.715

Starch

(kcal/d)

701.3 ± 223.3

651.3 ± 186.9

663.2 ± 220.0

0.607

689.0 ± 210.8

643.9 ± 192.7

649.6 ± 215.5

0.839

(%E)

25.4 ± 7.1

23.5 ± 5.9a

22.3 ± 5.5a

0.003

25.0 ± 6.9

23.0 ± 5.2a

21.9 ± 5.4a

<0.001

Fibre

(kcal/d)

94.4 ± 33.3

87.8 ± 24.3

89.4 ± 23.6

0.053

92.8 ± 30.6

87.0 ± 25.0

86.6 ± 23.5

0.114

(%E)

3.4 ± 1.1

3.2 ± 0.9a

3.1 ± 0.9a

<0.001

3.4 ± 1.0

3.2 ± 0.9a

3.0 ± 0.8a

<0.001

Fat

(kcal/d)

912.0 ± 246.6

972.9 ± 283.3a

1066.2 ± 256.9a

<0.001

930.6 ± 260.9

979.8 ± 279.0a

1038.1 ± 276.6a

<0.001

(%E)

32.9 ± 6.9

34.7 ± 6.5a

36.2 ± 6.8a

<0.001

33.5 ± 6.9

34.8 ± 6.3a

35.2 ± 6.8a

0.021

Saturated fat

(kcal/d)

347.5 ± 112.6

374.0 ± 114.5a

409.3 ± 107.0a

<0.001

355.9 ± 113.5

373.2 ± 112.9a

405.9 ± 115.0a

<0.001

(%E)

12.6 ± 3.4

13.4 ± 3.0a

13.9 ± 3.0a

0.006

12.8 ± 3.3

13.3 ± 3.0

13.8 ± 3.2

0.111

Monounsaturated

(kcal/d)

343.1 ± 114.3

371.3 ± 122.3a

417.6 ± 111.4a,b

<0.001

352.8 ± 121.0

373.2 ± 111.4a

398.7 ± 120.5a

<0.001

(%E)

12.4 ± 3.5

13.2 ± 3.1a

14.2 ± 3.5a

<0.001

12.7 ± 3.5

13.3 ± 2.9a

13.5 ± 3.5a

0.025

Polyunsaturated

(kcal/d)

153.5 ± 65.3

165.9 ± 76.3a

178.4 ± 72.7a

0.001

156.3 ± 66.2

169.6 ± 86.2a

176.3 ± 65.8a

<0.001

(%E)

5.6 ± 2.2

5.9 ± 2.3

6.0 ± 2.1

0.072

5.6 ± 2.1

6.0 ± 2.5

6.0 ± 1.9

0.105

Alcohol

(kcal/d)

109.6 ± 114.8

134.6 ± 133.4

137.6 ± 138.0

0.571

106.4 ± 111.7

142.5 ± 130.6a

204.4 ± 172.9a,b

<0.001

(%E)

4.1 ± 4.3

5.0 ± 5.0

5.0 ± 5.1

0.877

4.0 ± 4.2

5.3 ± 4.8

7.4 ± 6.3a,b

0.003

Ca (mg/d)

990.2 ± 643.6

980.2 ± 394.5

1036.2 ± 397.7

0.408

970.2 ± 567.9

1021.5 ± 402.5

1070.8 ± 440.0

0.099

Fe (mg/d)

15.9 ± 4.4

16.0 ± 4.93

17.6 ± 5.4

0.068

15.8 ± 4.2

16.2 ± 5.9

17.6 ± 5.1a

0.030

Cholesterol

99.4 ± 38.4

106.9 ± 39.3

119.1 ± 36.4a

0.030

101.2 ± 39.8

105.4 ± 35.3

124.7 ± 36.0a,b

0.007


Results of ANCOVA's with age, time health related sports and time watching TV as covariatesa

a P < 0.05 vs. BMI < 25 kg/m2

b P < 0.05 vs. BMI 25–30 kg/m2

Duvigneaud et al. Nutrition Journal 2007 6:26   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-6-26

Open Data