Table 4

Differences in plausible dietary intake in men and women with different levels of sports participation

BMI

WC



Tsports

0 h/week

< 3.5 h/week

≥3.5 h/week

P

0 h/week

< 3.5 h/week

≥ 3.5 h/week

P

n = 129

n = 157

n = 199

n = 123

n = 159

n = 80


Total EI (kcal/d)

2729.3 ± 439.3

2831.4 ± 433.4

2777.3 ± 422.6

0.687

2139.9 ± 339.6

2199.7 ± 342.5

2162.1 ± 371.1

0.805

Protein

(kcal/d)

411.7 ± 93.1

429.8 ± 91.7

429.9 ± 118.4

0.217

337.7 ± 78.6

354.7 ± 82.3

340.8 ± 70.5

0.182

(%E)

15.1 ± 2.7

15.3 ± 2.8

15.5 ± 3.4

0.181

15.8 ± 3.0

16.2 ± 3.2

15.9 ± 2.6

0.119

Carbohydrate

(kcal/d)

1224.2 ± 292.3

1309.4 ± 275.7

1299.4 ± 287.2

0.303

946.6 ± 198.9

951.1 ± 1206.2

1003.8 ± 182.2a,b

0.019

(%E)

44.9 ± 8.5

46.4 ± 7.3

46.7 ± 7.1

0.408

44.3 ± 6.6

43.3 ± 6.7

46.8 ± 6.7a,b

< 0.001

Sugar

(kcal/d)

272.1 ± 156.9

293.0 ± 169.5

307.8 ± 171.9

0.452

192.5 ± 111.5

192.8 ± 99.2

222.7 ± 97.4a,b

0.027

(%E)

9.9 ± 5.3

10.3 ± 5.5

11.0 ± 5.7

0.337

9.1 ± 5.5

8.8 ± 4.2

10.4 ± 4.5b

0.026

Starch

(kcal/d)

649.9 ± 190.2

685.2 ± 220.3

684.1 ± 208.3

0.656

484.6 ± 148.0

483.3 ± 140.3

495.1 ± 138.5

0.469

(%E)

23.8 ± 5.7

24.3 ± 6.9

24.7 ± 6.8

0.710

22.6 ± 5.4

22.1 ± 5.8

23.1 ± 6.0

0.455

Fibre

(kcal/d)

87.0 ± 30.6

92.1 ± 26.9

92.6 ± 29.1

0.211

75.0 ± 21.9

71.8 ± 20.7

78.0 ± 20.2

0.220

(%E)

3.2 ± 1.1

3.3 ± 1.0

3.3 ± 0.9

0.295

3.5 ± 0.9

3.3 ± 0.9

3.7 ± 1.1

0.088

Fat

(kcal/d)

978.8 ± 285.5

972.3 ± 276.3

916.6 ± 246.4a

0.032

769.9 ± 189.4

804.2 ± 219.5

744.2 ± 227.0

0.529

(%E)

35.6 ± 7.4

34.0 ± 6.7a

32.8 ± 6.2a

< 0.001

35.9 ± 6.3

36.2 ± 6.6

34.0 ± 7.0

0.100

Saturated fat

(kcal/d)

375.8 ± 115.3

376.0 ± 120.8

347.4 ± 106.5a

0.028

292.4 ± 78.5

303.9 ± 91.5

286.6 ± 99.7

0.857

(%E)

13.7 ± 3.3

13.2 ± 3.3

12.4 ± 3.0a,b

0.003

13.6 ± 2.7

13.7 ± 3.2

13.0 ± 3.3

0.400

Monounsaturated

(kcal/d)

379.8 ± 129.4

365.1 ± 125.1a

346.6 ± 106.2a

0.012

289.2 ± 86.0

306.8 ± 107.2

278.0 ± 104.4

0.338

(%E)

13.8 ± 3.6

12.8 ± 3.4a

12.4 ± 3.1a

< 0.001

13.5 ± 3.3

13.8 ± 3.7

12.7 ± 3.7

0.148

Polyunsaturated

(kcal/d)

166.9 ± 79.7

159.7 ± 70.5

158.3 ± 66.4

0.239

128.3 ± 75.2

134.6 ± 60.2

124.2 ± 57.2

0.807

(%E)

6.0 ± 2.5

5.6 ± 2.2

5.7 ± 2.1

0.137

6.0 ± 3.6

6.0 ± 2.3

5.7 ± 2.3

0.694

Alcohol

(kcal/d)

114.6 ± 124.1

119.8 ± 131.4

131.4 ± 122.5

0.112

85.6 ± 102.4

89.7 ± 115.3

73.4 ± 91.4

0.232

(%E)

4.3 ± 4.7

4.3 ± 4.7

4.9 ± 4.7

0.100

4.0 ± 4.5

4.2 ± 5.4

3.3 ± 4.1

0.121

Ca (mg/d)

929.5 ± 348.1

1024.5 ± 431.4

1003.5 ± 666.7

0.326

854.3 ± 356.7

882.7 ± 332.8

870.2 ± 328.1

0.738

Fe (mg/d)

15.3 ± 4.1

16.5 ± 5.4

16.1 ± 4.5

0.068

13.5 ± 7.0

13.1 ± 3.7

13.3 ± 3.8

0.879

Cholesterol

107.5 ± 33.7

104.3 ± 40.2

102.1 ± 41.3

0.803

105.9 ± 38.3

102.0 ± 38.4

110.8 ± 41.7

0.463

*BMI

26.0 ± 2.9

25.4 ± 3.2

25.0 ± 3.2

0.141

24.8 ± 4.0

23.5 ± 3.1

24.3 ± 3.2

0.234

*Sum 6 SKF

82.6 ± 28.5

81.5 ± 31.9

67.3 ± 25.11a,b

< 0.001

128.1 ± 37.4

124.1 ± 38.6

120.7 ± 40.2

0.252


Results of ANCOVA's with age and BMI covariates

*Results of ANCOVA's with age as covariate

a P < 0.05 vs. Tsports = 0 h/week

b P < 0.05 vs. Tsports < 3.5 h/week

Duvigneaud et al. Nutrition Journal 2007 6:26   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-6-26

Open Data