Table 3

Dietary intake during the seven days prior to providing blood sample for smokers and nonsmokers.

Participants

Kcal

Protein

Carbohydrate

Fat

Vitamin C

Vitamin E

Vitamin A

Iron


Smokers

1850 ± 666

65 ± 20

(18 ± 8)

242 ± 85

(51 ± 8)

66 ± 28

(31 ± 4)

37 ± 20

4 ± 2

667 ± 387

14 ± 5

Nonsmokers

1643 ± 302

61 ± 19

(15 ± 4)

214 ± 55

(52 ± 10)

60 ± 20

(33 ± 8)

54 ± 47

5 ± 3

499 ± 548

12 ± 7


Note: Data are mean ± SD. Gram quantities for each macronutrient are provided with corresponding percentages in parentheses. Vitamin C, vitamin E, and iron values are provided in mg; vitamin A values are provided in retinol equivalents. No statistical differences were noted between groups for any measured variable shown above or for any of the B vitamins, vitamin D, calcium, sodium, potassium, phosphorous, or zinc (p > 0.05).

Bloomer Nutrition Journal 2007 6:39   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-6-39

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