Table 2

List of possible causes and treatments for bipolar disorder including specific doses as well as supplementary information

Mental Disorder

Proposed Cause

Treatment

References


Bipolar Disorder

Food allergies

Avoid foods that elicit an allergic response

[76, 77]

Caffeine

Avoid coffee and other caffeinated beverages

[78]

Inhibition of lithium from alkalizing agents

Avoid alkalizing agents like bicarbonates

[79]

Vitamin B6 deficiency

100–200 milligrams/day

[72, 80]

Vitamin B12 deficiency

300–600 mcirograms/day

[71, 81–83]

Vitamin C deficiency

1–3 grams taken as divided doses

[84–86]

Folate deficiency

200 micrograms/day

[9, 13, 71, 82, 83, 87, 88]

Choline deficiency

10–30 grams of phosphatidyl form in divided doses

[73, 89]

Omega-3 or -6 deficiency

500–1000 milligrams/day

[10, 11, 21, 39, 74, 75, 90–94]

Phenylalanine deficiency

Initially 500 milligrams/day; can increase to 3–4 grams/day

[95, 96]

Tryptophan deficiency

50–200 milligrams taken as divided doses

[97–100]

S-Adenosyl-L-Methionine (SAM) deficiency

800 milligrams

[101–103]

Melatonin deficiency

3–6 milligrams at 9 pm

[104–106]

Phosphatidylserine deficiency

100 milligrams with food

[107]


Lakhan and Vieira Nutrition Journal 2008 7:2   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-7-2

Open Data