Table 3

Comparison of the characteristics of nutrition between the children with shock and the other critically ill patients who received postpyloric nutrition

SHOCK

Other patients

p


Number of patients

65

461

Parenteral nutrition

Patients (number, %)

(median, range)

14 (21.5%)

4 (1–30)

80 (17.4%)

6 (0–99)

.391

.956

Days before TEN (median, range)

2 (0.1–28)

2 (0.4–90)

.431

Initiation of the TEN within the first 48 h after admission

44 (67.6%)

284 (61.6%)

.275

Calorie intake in the first 24 h of TEN (kcal/100 kcal metabolised/day) (median, range)

44.6 (20–79)

48.5 (27.5–107)

.373

Maximum calorie intake (kcal/100 kcal metabolised/day) (median, range)

83 (15–121)

84 (15–162)

.106

TEN duration (days) (median, range)

13 (0.4–240)

7 (0.5–140)

.020

Gastrointestinal complications

20 (30.7%)

42 (9.1%)

.0001

Abdominal distension/excessive gastric residue

10 (15.4%)

23 (5%)

.004

Diarrhoea

13 (20%)

21 (4.6%)

.0001

Necrotising enterocolitis

1 (1.5%)

2 (0.4%)

.432

Duodenal perforation

1 (1.5%)

0

-

Definitive suspension of TEN

6 (9.2%)

5 (1%)

.0001


López-Herce et al. Nutrition Journal 2008 7:6   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-7-6

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