Table 3

Diet Record Analysis Data

Dietary Variable

ADHD Group (n = 11)

Control Group (n = 8)

p value


Total Energy (kcal)

2651.0 ± 458.1 *

2051.4 ± 407.0

0.009

Protein (g)

90.9 ± 19.0 *

73.0 ± 17.0

0.049

Carbohydrates (g)

356.9 ± 68.1 *

271.1 ± 59.6

0.011

Total Fat (g)

99.4 ± 21.8 *

76.7 ± 13.6

0.013

Saturated Fat (g)

38.1 ± 9.1 *

28.3 ± 8.2

0.027

Monounsaturated Fat (g)

30.9 ± 8.6

24.1 ± 6.4

NS

Polyunsaturated Fat (g)

10.8 ± 4.0

9.7 ± 4.3

NS

Total omega-3 (g)

0.72 ± 0.31

0.76 ± 0.37

NS

Alpha Linolenic Acid (g)

0.66 ± 0.28

0.71 ± 0.36

NS

Eicosapentaenoic Acid (mg)

22 ± 54

14 ± 17

NS

Docosahexaenoic Acid (mg)

31 ± 53

39 ± 47

NS

Total omega-6 (g)

6.82 ± 3.79

6.86 ± 3.85

NS

Linoleic Acid (g)

6.78 ± 3.79

6.81 ± 3.84

NS

Arachidonic Acid (mg)

38 ± 19

51 ± 35

NS

omega-6: omega 3

9.47

9.03

NS

Vitamin B1 (mg)

1.8 ± 0.3 *

1.4 ± 0.4

0.019

Vitamin B2 (mg)

2.3 ± 0.7 *

1.5 ± 0.4

0.01

Iron (mg)

21.7 ± 7.0 *

12.5 ± 3.4

0.002

Sodium (mg)

4001 ± 931*

3119 ± 755

0.042

Calcium (mg)

1050 ± 282

798 ± 239

NS

Zinc (mg)

13 ± 5

9 ± 3

NS


Data represents daily consumption as averaged from 7-day diet records. Values are reported as mean ± SD. * Significantly different from control group (p < 0.05)

Colter et al. Nutrition Journal 2008 7:8   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-7-8

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