Table 1

Distribution of participants by response to each psychosocial factor (n = 658)1

Healthiest

Response

N

(%)

Moderate

Response

N

(%)

Least Healthy Response

N

(%)


Predisposing Factors

Do you think what you eat and drink are related to your own chance of getting cancer? (Yes/No); Do you think this relationship between diet and cancer is:

Yes, Strong

324 (49%)

Yes, Moderate

198 (30%)

Yes, Weak

Or No

136 (21%)

How important is it to you personally to eat a diet low in fat?

Very Important

222 (34%)

Somewhat Important

309 (48%)

Not Important

118 (18%)

If you wanted to eat less fat, how confident are you that you could do it?

Very Confident

285 (44%)

Somewhat Confident

280 (43%)

Not Confident

81 (13%)

Have you ever heard of the Food Guide Pyramid?

Yes

533 (82%)

Not Sure/Don't Know

94 (14%)

No

25 (4%)

Reinforcing Factors

If you tried to eat healthier foods, how much could you count on the people close to you to:

Encourage you.

A lot

310 (48%)

Some

261 (40%)

Not at all

76 (12%)

Tell you about healthier foods and how to prepare them.

A lot

164 (26%)

Some

336 (52%)

Not at all

142 (22%)

Prepare healthier foods with or for you.

A lot

161 (25%)

Some

300 (46%)

Not at all

185 (29%)

Eat healthier foods with you.

A lot

198 (31%)

Some

361 (56%)

Not at all

89 (14%)

Enabling Factors

Do you feel that you can afford to purchase healthy foods?

Yes

463 (72%)

Sometimes

127 (20%)

No

55 (9%)

Do you feel that it takes a lot of time and trouble to prepare healthy foods and meals?

No

338 (52%)

Sometimes

146 (23%)

Yes

162 (25%)

Do you feel that it is easy for you to order healthy foods when you go out to eat at restaurants?

Yes

246 (38%)

Sometimes

205 (32%)

No

196 (30%)

Do you more need information on how to prepare healthy foods and meals?

No

196 (30%)

Sometimes

75 (11%)

Yes

379 (58%)


1Numbers may not add up to 658 and percentages may not add up to 100% due to rounding and missing data

Watters and Satia Nutrition Journal 2009 8:15   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-8-15

Open Data