Table 2

Estimates of nitrates, nitrites and nitrosamines in food items and alcoholic beverages by the National Birth Defects Prevention Study calculated serving size

Food Item

Serving Size g

Nitrates mg/serving

Nitrites mg/serving

Nitrosamines μg/serving


Dairy Products

Cheese (1 slice or 1 oz)

28

0.400

0.023

0.066

Cottage or ricotta cheese (1/2 cup)

113

0.260

0.000

0.266

Ice cream (1/2 cup)

72

0.209

0.038

0.031

Skim or low fat milk (8 oz glass)

244

0.862

0.011

0.209

Whole milk (8 oz glass)

244

0.212

0.001

0.065

Yogurt (1 cup)

245

0.333

0.071

0.002

Fruit Products

Avocado (1) or guacamole (1 cup)

201

5.278

0.042

0.010

Bananas (1)

114

2.280

0.043

0.006

Cantaloupe (1/4 melon)

134

12.730

0.051

0.006

Fresh apples or pears (1)

138

1.436

0.014

0.007

Hawaiian punch, lemonade, or other fruit drinks (1 glass)

244

2.367

0.000

0.000

Orange juice (small glass)

186

3.720

0.000

0.000

Oranges (1)

184

3.680

0.000

0.000

Other fruits fresh, frozen, or canned (1/2 cup)

142

3.728

0.030

0.007

Peaches, apricots, plums, or nectarines (1 or 1/2 cup)

87

0.564

0.014

0.004

Raw chile peppers, jalapeño (1)

14

0.742

0.009

0.000

Salsa (1 cup) (fruit or tomato)

259

9.094

0.140

0.000

Tomatoes (1) or tomato juice (small glass)

123

3.953

0.054

0.000

Grain Products

Biscuit, scone, croissant and muffin (1)

80

0.328

0.032

0.012

Cereal

30

0.138

0.039

0.012

Dark bread (slice) including wheat pita bread

25

0.213

0.030

0.000

Rice or pasta (1 cup)

140

2.305

0.303

0.000

Tortilla (1)

19

0.304

0.031

0.002

White bread (slice), pita bread, bagels and crackers

25

0.410

0.042

0.002

Meat and Bean Products

Bacon (2 slices)

16

1.449

0.467

0.219

Beans or lentils, baked or dried (1/2 cup)

131

1.179

0.341

0.000

Beans, refried (1 cup)

252

2.268

0.655

0.000

Beef, pork, lamb or cabrito as a main dish (4–6 oz)

140

8.188

1.840

0.453

Beef, pork, lamb or cabrito sandwich or mixed dish

100

5.849

1.314

0.324

Chicken livers (1 oz)

28

0.958

0.571

0.007

Chicken or turkey (4–6 oz)

88

0.583

0.478

0.086

Eggs (1)

58

0.311

0.095

0.000

Fish (3–6 oz)

112

1.027

0.349

0.222

Hamburger (1 patty)

77

6.102

0.193

0.071

Hot dogs (1)

45

11.565

1.220

0.128

Liver, non specific (3–4 oz)

82

10.325

1.608

0.022

Organ meats and tongue (3–4 oz)

85

0.882

0.480

0.062

Peas or lima beans (1/2 cup frozen, canned)

80

2.634

0.070

0.000

Processed meats – sausage, salami, lunchmeat, pâté (piece or slice)

28

1.700

0.314

0.124

Vegetable Products

Broccoli (1/2 cup)

78

26.607

0.251

0.000

Cabbage, cauliflower, brussel sprouts (1/2 cup)

75

12.976

0.143

0.000

Carrots, cooked (1/2 cup)

78

13.013

0.115

0.000

Carrots, raw (1/2 cup or 2–4 sticks)

36

6.006

0.053

0.000

Corn (1 ear or 1/2 cup frozen, canned)

82

3.690

0.164

0.000

Potatoes baked, boiled (1) or mashed (1 cup)

156

22.673

0.164

0.000

Soy milk or soy yogurt (8 oz)

244

13.333

0.220

0.000

Spinach or collard greens, cooked (1/2 cup)

90

188.999

0.177

0.000

Squash (1/2 cup)

103

43.608

0.082

0.000

String beans (1/2 cup)

68

11.767

0.128

0.000

Tofu, tempeh or soy burgers (4oz)

113

6.174

0.102

0.000

Yams or sweet potatoes (1/2 cup)

68

3.128

0.048

0.000

Fats, Oils, Nuts, and Sweets

Butter (pat), added to food or bread

5

0.000

0.000

0.000

Cake (slice) or donut (1)

64

1.600

0.083

0.000

Candy without chocolate (1 oz)

28

0.000

0.000

0.010

Chocolate (1 oz)

21

0.000

0.000

0.010

Cookies (1)

25

0.092

0.011

0.002

French fried potatoes (4 oz)

112

4.144

0.078

0.000

Margarine (pat), added to food or bread

5

0.002

0.000

0.000

Nuts (small packet or 1 oz)

18

0.104

0.006

0.000

Oil and vinegar dressing (1 tbs)

15

0.000

0.000

0.000

Peanut butter (1 tbs)

16

0.093

0.006

0.000

Pie (slice)

125

2.338

0.138

0.000

Potato or corn chips (small bag or 1oz)

28

1.049

0.020

0.000

Alcoholic Beverages

Beer (12 fl. oz/354.9 ml)

357

-

-

0.531

Wine (5 fl. oz/147.9 ml)

136

-

-

0.019

Liquor and mixed drinks (1.5 fl. oz/44.4 ml)

41

-

-

0.027

Malt beverages (8 fl. oz/236.6 ml)

245

-

-

0.301


Griesenbeck et al. Nutrition Journal 2009 8:16   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-8-16

Open Data