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Open Access Open Badges Research

An iron-based beverage, HydroFerrate fluid (MRN-100), alleviates oxidative stress in murine lymphocytes in vitro

Mamdooh Ghoneum1*, Motohiro Matsuura2 and Sastry Gollapudi3

Author Affiliations

1 Charles Drew University of Medicine and Science, Department of Otolaryngology, Los Angeles, California 90059, USA

2 Jichi Medical University, School of Medicine, Department of Infection and Immunity, Tochigi, 329-0498, Japan

3 University of California, Irvine, Division of Basic and Clinical Immunology, Irvine, California 92697, USA

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Nutrition Journal 2009, 8:18  doi:10.1186/1475-2891-8-18

Published: 2 May 2009



Several studies have examined the correlation between iron oxidation and H2O2 degradation. The present study was carried out to examine the protective effects of MRN-100 against stress-induced apoptosis in murine splenic cells in vitro. MRN-100, or HydroFerrate fluid, is an iron-based beverage composed of bivalent and trivalent ferrates.


Splenic lymphocytes from mice were cultured in the presence or absence of MRN-100 for 2 hrs and were subsequently exposed to hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) at a concentration of 25 μM for 14 hrs. Percent cell death was examined by flow cytometry and trypan blue exclusion. The effect of MRN-100 on Bcl-2 and Bax protein levels was determined by Western blot.


Results show, as expected, that culture of splenic cells with H2O2 alone results in a significant increase in cell death (apoptosis) as compared to control (CM) cells. In contrast, pre-treatment of cells with MRN-100 followed by H2O2 treatment results in significantly reduced levels of apoptosis.

In addition, MRN-100 partially prevents H2O2-induced down-regulation of the anti-apoptotic molecule Bcl-2 and upregulation of the pro-apoptotic molecule Bax.


Our findings suggest that MRN-100 may offer a protective effect against oxidative stress-induced apoptosis in lymphocytes.