Table 3

Characteristics of the study participants.

Age group

P-value*

Near-old (N = 40)

Young-old (N = 32)

Old-old (N = 26)


Males, %

45.0

37.5

53.8

0.461

Live with others, %

97.5

100.0

92.3

0.231

Socio-economic score (SES)3

0, %

23.1

12.9

12.0

0.606

1, %

25.6

29.0

20.0

2, %

51.3

58.1

68.0

Mean physical activity level (MPAL)4

Light (MPAL >1.4 to <1.7), %

0.0

3.1

46.1

<0.001**

Moderately active (MPAL >1.7 to <2.0), %

12.5

65.6

38.5

Vigorous (MPAL >2.0 to 2.4), %

87.5

31.3

15.4

Smoker, %

45.0

34.4

50.0

0.459

Body Mass Index (BMI)5

Chronic energy deficient (BMI <18.5), %

22.5

37.5

47.8

0.168**

Normal (BMI >18.5 to <25), %

55.0

56.2

47.8

Overweight (BMI >25 to <30), %

20.0

6.3

4.4

Obese (BMI >30), %

2.5

0.0

0.0

With soil-transmitted helminths, %

54.1

56.7

64.0

0.733

With dental caries, %

40.0

41.9

38.5

0.965

With elevated cholesterol level, %

35.9

18.8

12.0

0.064

With goiter, %

12.5

21.9

7.7

0.282

With pulmonary tuberculosis, %

5.0

16.1

19.2

0.011


* Pearson's chi-square p-value

** Fisher's exact test p-value

Risonar et al. Nutrition Journal 2009 8:19   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-8-19

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