Table 5

Micronutrient density (nutrient/1000 kcal) and total intake adequacy according to subjects' dietary patterns

Micronutrient density of diet (per 1000 kcal)

Criteria for intake adequacy (FAO/WHO)

% of subjects with adequate intake



'Western' pattern

'Healthier' Pattern

'Western' pattern

'Healthier' pattern


Calcium (mg)

390

481***

1000 for ♂, 1000 for ♀ of 19–50 y, 1300 for ♀ ≥ 51 y

35

45.1

Iron (mg)

9.3

10.3***

11 for ♂, 24 for ♀ 19–50 y, 9 for ♀ ≥ 51 y

63.6

63.4

Thiamine (mg)

0.66

0.68

1.2 for ♂, 1.1 for ♀

90*

78.9

Riboflavin (mg)

0.94

1.08***

1.3 for ♂, 1.1 for ♀

97.1

98.6

Niacin (mg)

10.3

12.1***

16 for ♂, 14 for ♀

97.1

94.4

Folate (FE)

137

180***

400

22.1

43.7**

Vitamin B12 (μg)

4.9

6.1*

2.4

99.3

100

Vitamin A (RE)

713

889*

600 for ♂, 500 for ♀

95.7

98.6

Vitamin C (mg)

52

70***

45

97.1

100

Vitamin E (ATE)

5.5

5.9**

7.5 for ♀; 10 for ♂

94.3

90.1


FE = folate equivalents RE = Retinol equivalents ATE = Alpha-tocopherol equivalents

* p < 0.05 ** p < 0.01 *** p < 0.001 t-test

Delisle et al. Nutrition Journal 2009 8:3   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-8-3

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