Table 7

Demographic and health-related factors associated with the healthier eating pattern (logistic regression)

'Western' pattern

'Healthier' pattern

OR (95%CI)

p


Sex %

Men

42.9

32.4

1.00

Women

57.1

67.6

1.66 (0.79–3.5)

0.18

Age %

< 30 y

52,1%

12,7%

1.00

30–44 y

34,3%

53,5%

5.96 (2.38–14.9)

< .001

45 y+

13,6%

33,8%

6.34 (1.99–17.37)

< .001

Years in Spain %

< 6 y

43.6%

28.2%

1.00

6–10

39.3%

25.4%

0.76 (0.32–1.82)

0.54

11+

17.1%

46.5%

2.76 (1.16–6.57)

0.02

Smoking status %

Non-smoker

92.1

80.3

1.00

Ex-smoker

4.3

9.9

2.69 (0.71–10.27)

0.15

Current smoker

3.6

9.9

2.08 (0.42–10.36)

0.37

Regular physical exercise %

No

44.9

43.7

1.00

Yes

55.1

56.3

1.1 (0.54–2.23)

0.79

Consumption of traditional foods %

≤ once/wk

35.7

31.0

1.00

2–4 times/wk

43.6

42.3

1.0 (0.44–2.26)

1.0

≥ 5 times/wk

20.7

26.8

1.03 (.40–2.67)

.95

BMI status %

Normal

84.4

76.1

1.00

Obese (BMI > 30)

15.6

23.9

0.85 (0.36–2.05)

0.72

Self-reported health %

Very good

22.6

16.2

1.00

Good

48.9

41.2

0.74 (0.28–1.95)

0.54

Fair/poor

28.6

42.6

1.21 (0.43–3.44)

0.72

Self-reported CVD conditions %*

No

85.7%

66.2%

1.00

Yes

14.3%

33.8%

1.51 (0.56–3.48)

0.48


*Self-reported diabetes, hypertension, cardiac disease, high cholesterol

Delisle et al. Nutrition Journal 2009 8:3   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-8-3

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