Table 2

Differences in diet between AAs and CAs as determined by FFQ

AA (42)

CA (40)

p-value


Total calories (kcal)

1918

1861

0.8


Protein (g)

65

69

0.6


Fat (g)

77

82

0.6


Carbohydrates (g)

248

214

0.19


% kcal from protein

13.8

15.1

0.09


% kcal from fat

35.2

39.2

0.01


% kcal from carbs

52.4

46.2

<0.01


Dietary fiber (g)

17.6

16.7

0.7


Fruit (servings)

1.5

1.5

0.9


Vegetable(servings)

3.1

3.8

0.24


Dairy (servings)

0.68

1.43

<0.01


Calcium (mg)

608

774

0.07


Supplements


Calcium (mg)

108

418

<0.01


Magnesium (mg)

19

42

0.02


Vitamin A (IU)

1200

2700

0.03


Vitamin C (mg)

140

380

<0.01


Vitamin D (IU)

77

166

0.02


Vitamin E (a-TE)

46

157

<0.01


Heterocyclic amines


Total (ng/day)

190

128

0.1


MelQx (ng/day)

47

25

0.04


PhIP (ng/day)

126

78

0.07


Dimelqx (ng/day

2.8

2.1

0.2


Bap (ng/day)

14

22

0.1


PhIP is 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenyl-imidazo[4,5-b]pyridine, MeIQx is 2-amino-3,8-dimethylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoxaline, Dimelqx is 2-amino-3,4,8-trimethylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoxaline Bap is benzo[a]pyrene.

Mai et al. Nutrition Journal 2009 8:49   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-8-49

Open Data