Table 3

Daily dietary intakes of macronutrients in infertile women assessed using the food frequency questionnaire (FFQ).

Variables

Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs)

GROUP A1 n = 10

(mean ± sd)

GROUP B2 n = 8

(mean ± sd)


Energy Intake

Energy (kcal/d)

2010.1 ± 492.1

2471.2 ± 676.1

Energy intake/BMR

1.58 ± 0.44

1.67 ± 0.46

Energy (kcal/FFMkg/d)

54.3 ± 16.4

62.5 ± 19.8


Daily Intakes (% energy)

Protein

10-35 a

16.7 ± 3.9

16.1 ± 2.3

Fat

20-35a

32.0 ± 9.1

33.8 ± 3.7

Carbohydrate

45-65 a

50.6 ± 7.4

53.0 ± 5.0


Daily Intakes (g/d)

Protein

38b

82.9 ± 21.7

96.7 ± 19.4

Fat

NDb

71.7 ± 26.1

91.7 ± 22.5

Animal fat

32.0 ± 18.4

49.3 ± 15.5 *

Saturated fat

21.4 ± 9.9

30.8 ± 8.9 *

Monounsaturated fat

34.9 ± 13.4

43.6 ± 10.7

Polyunsaturated fat

11.0 ± 7.7

12.0 ± 3.6

Cholesterol (mg/d)

291.6 ± 115.1

347.5 ± 108.7

Carbohydrates

100 b

256.6 ± 82.9

331.4 ± 116.6

Starch

130.4 ± 61.1

168.2 ± 64.9

Soluble sugars

125.7 ± 56.4

162.7 ± 63.2

Fiber

25 b

24.3 ± 5.1

24.4 ± 8.1

Glycemic load

107.4 ± 45.9

128.8 ± 57.0

Glycemic index

52.2 ± 2.7

54.5 ± 3.8

Water (ml/d)

2700 c

1675.7 ± 690.0

1606.8 ± 698.5

Alcohol

9.5 ± 15.7

1.6 ± 1.6


Daily Intakes (g/FFMkg/d)

Protein

2.2 ± 0.7

2.4 ± 0.6

Fat

1.9 ± 0.8

2.3 ± 0.7

Animal fat

0.9 ± 0.5

1.3 ± 0.5

Saturated fat

0.6 ± 0.3

0.8 ± 0.3

Monounsaturated fat

0.9 ± 0.4

1.1 ± 0.3

Polyunsaturated fat

0.3 ± 0.2

0.3 ± 0.1

Cholesterol (mg/FFMkg/d)

7.9 ± 3.4

8.9 ± 3.3

Carbohydrates

6.9 ± 2.6

8.4 ± 3.2

Starch

3.6 ± 1.9

4.2 ± 1.7

Soluble sugars

3.4 ± 1.6

4.1 ± 1.7


Energy intake/BMR: ratio of reported energy intake to basal metabolic rate

1 hypothalamic amenorrhea; 2 polycystic ovary syndrome

aAcceptable Macronutrients Distribution Ranges

bEstimated Average Requirements for normal-weight women, age range 19-30

c Adequate Intakes for normal-weight women, age range 19-30

* p < 0.05, mean values were significantly different between group A and group B

Colombo et al. Nutrition Journal 2009 8:53   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-8-53

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