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Open Access Research

Nutrient intakes related to osteoporotic fractures in men and women – The Brazilian Osteoporosis Study (BRAZOS)

Marcelo M Pinheiro14*, Natielen J Schuch2, Patrícia S Genaro2, Rozana M Ciconelli13, Marcos B Ferraz3 and Lígia A Martini2

Author Affiliations

1 Rheumatology Division, Universidade Federal de São Paulo/EPM, São Paulo, Brazil

2 Department of Nutrition, Faculdade de Saúde Pública, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

3 São Paulo Health Care Economics Center, Universidade Federal de São Paulo/EPM, São Paulo, Brazil

4 Av. Dr. Altino Arantes, 669, apto 105, Vila Clementino, São Paulo, SP, Brazil

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Nutrition Journal 2009, 8:6  doi:10.1186/1475-2891-8-6

Published: 29 January 2009

Abstract

Background

Adequate nutrition plays an important role in bone mass accrual and maintenance and has been demonstrated as a significant tool for the prevention of fractures in individuals with osteoporosis.

Objective

The aim of the present study was to evaluate bone health-related nutrients intake and its association with osteoporotic fractures in a representative sample of 2344 individuals aged 40 years or older in Brazil.

Methods

In a transversal population-based study, a total of 2420 individuals over 40 years old were evaluated from March to April 2006. Participants were men and women from all socio-economic classes and education levels living around the Brazilian territory Individuals responded a questionnaire including self reported fractures as well a 24-hour food recall. Nutrient intakes were evaluated by Nutrition Data System for Research software (NDSR, University of Minnesota, 2007). Low trauma fracture was defined as that resulting of a fall from standing height or less. Nutrient intakes adequacies were performed by using the DRI's proposed values. Statistical analysis comprises Oneway ANCOVA adjusted by age and use of nutritional supplements and multiple logistic regression. SAS software was used for statistical analysis.

Results

Fractures was reported by 13% of men and 15% of women. Women with fractures presented significantly higher calcium, phosphorus and magnesium intakes. However, in all regions and socio-economical levels mean intakes of bone related nutrients were below the recommended levels. It was demonstrated that for every 100 mg/phosphorus increase the risk of fractures by 9% (OR 1.09; IC95% 1.05–1.13, p < 0.001).

Conclusion

The results demonstrated inadequacies in bone related nutrients in our population as well that an increase in phosphorus intake is related to bone fractures.