Table 1

Mean daily intakes (g/d) of fats and fatty acids by Guatemalan schoolchildren, by gender and SES

High-SES

Low-SES


Fats

Mean1

SE1

Mean1

SE1

P value2


Total (n)

230

--

219

--

--

Total fat (g)

65.7

1.0

64.6

1.0

0.435

SFA (g)

23.9

0.5

22.0

0.6

0.014*

MUFA (g)

22.9

0.4

22.5

0.4

0.486

PUFA (g)

13.3

0.3

14.5

0.3

0.005*

Total n-3 (g)

1.3

0.0

1.2

0.0

0.036*

Total n-6 (g)

12.0

0.3

13.3

0.3

0.001**

LA, 18:2n-6 (g)

11.9

0.3

13.2

0.3

<0.001***

ALA, 18:3n-3 (g)

1.2

.027

1.1

.027

0.045*

AA, 20:4n-6 (g)

0.12

0.01

0.13

0.01

0.736

EPA, 20:5n-3 (g)

0.010

0.002

0.008

0.002

0.455

DHA, 22:6n-3 (g)

0.032

0.002

0.032

0.002

0.819

Ratio n-6:n-3

9.6

0.20

11.5

0.20

<0.001***


Boys (n)

111

--

106

--

Total fat (g)

68.7

1.5

63.4

1.6

0.002**

SFA (g)

25.1

0.7

20.3

0.8

<0.001***

MUFA (g)

23.9

0.7

22.3

0.7

0.083

PUFA (g)

13.7

0.4

15.1

0.4

0.036*

Total n-3 (g)

1.3

0.0

1.2

0.0

0.317

Total n-6 (g)

12.4

0.4

13.8

0.4

0.019*

LA, 18:2n-6 (g)

12.3

0.4

13.7

0.4

0.019*

ALA, 18:3n-3 (g)

1.23

0.04

1.19

0.04

0.440

AA, 20:4n-6 (g)

0.139

0.008

0.131

0.008

0.499

EPA, 20:5n-3 (g)

0.012

0.003

0.008

0.003

0.367

DHA, 22:6n-3 (g)

0.038

0.004

0.033

0.004

0.352

Ratio n-6:n-3

9.7

0.27

11.5

0.28

<0.001***


Girls (n)

119

--

113

--

Total fat (g)

63.0

1.3

65.8

1.4

0.147

SFA (g)

22.9

0.8

23.6

0.8

0.488

MUFA (g)

22.0

0.6

22.7

0.6

0.416

PUFA (g)

12.9

0.4

14.0

0.4

0.060

Total n-3 (g)

1.3

0.0

1.2

0.0

0.055

Total n-6 (g)

11.6

0.4

12.8

0.4

0.027*

LA, 18:2n-6 (g)

11.5

0.4

12.8

0.4

0.018*

ALA, 18:3n-3 (g)

1.22

0.04

1.11

0.04

0.046*

AA, 20:4n-6 (g)

0.109

0.007

0.121

0.007

0.235

EPA, 20:5n-3 (g)

0.007

0.002

0.007

0.002

0.959

DHA, 22:6n-3 (g)

0.027

0.003

0.030

0.003

0.407

Ratio n-6:n-3

9.4

0.29

11.6

0.30

<0.001***


1Mean and standard error of the mean (SE) from general linear models, adjusted for energy intake

2Comparing adjusted mean intakes in children from high vs. low-SES, within gender groups. *P < 0.05; **P < 0.01; ***P < 0.001.

Abbreviations: LA: linoleic acid; ALA: alpha linolenic acid; AA: arachidonic acid; EPA: eicosapentaenoic acid; and DHA: docosahexaenoic acid

Bermudez et al. Nutrition Journal 2010 9:20   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-9-20

Open Data