Table 3 

Proportion of schoolchildren with inadequate intakes of fats^{1}, by gender and SES 

Nutrient 
HighSES 
LowSES 
OR^{4} 
95% CI^{4} 




% 
% 
Lower 
Upper 



Total (n = 449) 
n = 230 
n = 219 

Total fat >30 %E 
49.1 
43.8 
0.82 
0.56 
1.19 
SFA ≥10 %E 
53.5 
40.2** 
0.59 
0.40 
0.86 
PUFA >10 %E 
3.5 
7.8 
2.30 
0.97 
5.45 
PUFA <6 %E 
53.9 
45.7 
0.70 
0.48 
1.02 
Total n6 <5%E 
45.0 
35.6* 
0.65 
0.44 
0.96 
Total n6 >8 %E 
7.4 
16.4** 
2.48 
1.34 
4.56 
Total n3 <1 %E 
97.8 
97.2 
0.81 
0.24 
2.71 
Ratio n6:n3 >8^{2} 
72.6 
90.9*** 
3.90 
2.26 
6.76 
Cholesterol ≥300 mg^{3} 
55.2 
50.2 
0.83 
0.57 
1.21 
Boys (n = 217) 
n = 111 
n = 106 
 
 
 
Total fat >30 %E 
57.7 
40.6* 
0.5 
0.29 
0.87 
SFA ≥10 %E 
57.7 
34.0*** 
0.37 
0.12 
0.65 
PUFA >10 %E 
3.6 
10.4 
3.06 
0.94 
9.98 
PUFA <6 %E 
53.2 
41.5 
0.61 
0.36 
1.05 
Total n6 <5%E 
43.2 
33.0 
0.63 
0.36 
1.10 
Total n6 >8 %E 
9.9 
18.9 
2.12 
0.96 
4.67 
Total n3 <1 %E 
97.3 
97.1 
1.01 
0.2 
5.22 
Ratio n6:n3 >8^{2} 
75.7 
93.4*** 
4.79 
1.97 
11.68 
Cholesterol ≥300 mg^{3} 
63.1 
55.7 
0.74 
0.42 
1.3 
Girls (n = 232) 
n = 119 
n = 113 
 
 
 
Total fat >30 %E 
41.2 
46.9 
1.29 
0.76 
2.18 
SFA ≥10 %E 
49.6 
46 
0.88 
0.52 
1.48 
PUFA >10 %E 
3.4 
5.3 
1.58 
0.43 
5.78 
PUFA <6 %E 
54.6 
49.6 
0.80 
0.48 
1.35 
Total n6 <5%E 
46.6 
38.1 
0.68 
0.40 
1.15 
Total n6 >8 %E 
5 
14.2* 
3.13 
1.18 
8.33 
Total n3 <1 %E 
98.3 
97.3 
0.63 
0.1 
3.84 
Ratio n6:n3 >8^{2} 
69.7 
88.5*** 
3.44 
1.7 
6.95 
Cholesterol ≥300 mg^{3} 
47.9 
45.1 
0.91 
0.54 
1.54 


^{1}Based on WHO's dietary goals [19] as proportion of total energy intake. Risk for excessive intakes of TF, SFA, PUFA and n6 were set at >30%, ≥10%, >10% and >8%, respectively. Low intakes of PUFA, n6 and n3 were set at below 6%, 5% and 1 %E, respectively. ^{2}Ratio n6:n3 >8 was defined as inadequate ^{3}For cholesterol, intakes equal or above 300 mg/day were considered as risk for excessive intakes. ^{4}Differences, between SES groups, in prevalence of the risk for inadequate intakes of the fat and fatty acids listed in the table, were tested, for the total sample and within each gender group, with logistic regression models, with adjustment for energy intake in the case of cholesterol. OR = odds ratio; CI = confidence interval. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001 

Bermudez et al. Nutrition Journal 2010 9:20 doi:10.1186/14752891920 