Table 2

Subject characteristics at baseline1,2

Dose at randomization


21 g

42 g


Age, y

64.8 ± 7.8

56.6 ± 13.9

BMI, kg/m2

27.3 ± 3.6

27.4 ± 3.8

Female, % (n)

55 (6)

60 (6)

Male, % (n)

45 (5)

40 (4)

Systolic BP, mm Hg

109 ± 7

116 ± 14

Diastolic BP, mm Hg

73 ± 10

72 ± 10

TC, mmol/L

5.49 ± 1.17

5.54 ± 1.06

LDL, mmol/L

3.37 ± 0.96

3.50 ± 0.91

HDL, mmol/L

1.61 ± 0.44

1.48 ± 0.18

Triglycerides, mmol/L

1.21 ± 0.40

1.24 ± 0.53

Total carotenoids, μmol/L

2.2 ± 1.0

2.6 ± 1.2

α-tocopherol, μmol/L

26.4 ± 6.8

29.3 ± 7.1

γ-tocopherol, μmol/L

5.4 ± 3.1

4.4 ± 2.7

Vitamin C, μmol/L

48.3 ± 21.0

60.8 ± 30.1

Folate, nmol/L

56.0 ± 17.2

50.1 ± 17.4

PLP, nmol/L

44.6 ± 17.7

67.8 ± 59.7


1No significant between-group differences were detected using the independent samples t-test (continuous variables) or chi-square test (categorical variables).

2Values are means ± SD or n (%)

McKay et al. Nutrition Journal 2010 9:21   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-9-21

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