Table 3

Subjects' baseline daily dietary intake1,2

Dose at randomization


Nutrient

21 g

42 g


Energy (kcal)

1638 ± 440

1466 ± 458

Protein (g)

77 ± 35

77 ± 33

Carbohydrate (g)

177 ± 57

168 ± 41

Fat (g)

68 ± 26

54 ± 26

Cholesterol (mg)

294 ± 209

328 ± 262

Fiber (g)

13 ± 5

14 ± 6

Thiamin (mg)

1.3 ± 0.4

1.2 ± 0.4

Riboflavin (mg)

2.1 ± 1.2

2.0 ± 0.6

Niacin (mg)

18 ± 5

18 ± 6

Folate (μg)

254 ± 100

308 ± 116

Vitamin B6 (mg)

1.7 ± 0.6

1.7 ± 0.4

Vitamin B12 (mg)

6.1 ± 3.1

7.3 ± 4.5

Vitamin C (mg)

92 ± 56

115 ± 43

Retinol (μg)

538 ± 356

574 ± 381

β-carotene (μg)

2056 ± 1175

3232 ± 1712

Total tocopherols (mg)

7.0 ± 1.9

7.8 ± 3.6

α-tocopherol (mg)

5.7 ± 1.8

6.6 ± 3.4

γ-tocopherol (mg)

12.7 ± 6.1

10.9 ± 8.0

Vitamin D (μg)

7.8 ± 5.8

6.3 ± 2.9

Calcium (mg)

1011 ± 658

964 ± 415

Magnesium (mg)

284 ± 98

281 ± 77

Potassium (mg)

2826 ± 1028

2970 ± 805

Sodium (mg)

2697 ± 910

2705 ± 1068

Iron (mg)

12 ± 4

13 ± 5

Zinc (mg)

12 ± 5

12 ± 5

Selenium (μg)

100 ± 36

102 ± 58


1No significant between-group differences were detected using the independent samples t-test (continuous variables).

2Values are means ± SD

McKay et al. Nutrition Journal 2010 9:21   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-9-21

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