Table 4

Treatment effect in anthropometry measurements of children

Measurement

IS

IFS

MMS

FW

FCF

P


N

40

41

36

48

51

Height,

cm

Baseline

78.76 (76.26, 81.27)

79.84 (77.25, 82.44)

82.93 (80.34, 85.52)

80.49 (78.07, 82.91)

80.69 (78.58, 82.79)

0.260

Final

82.31 (80.02, 84.60)

83.63 (81.21, 86.06)

86.44 (84.04, 88.85)

83.97 (81.63, 86.30)

84.37 (82.39, 86.35)

0.219

Change

3.55 (3.06, 4.04)†

3.79 (3.33, 4.25)†

3.51 (3.05, 3.98)†

3.48 (3.11, 3.85)†

3.69 (3.30, 4.07)†

0.822

Adjusted change *

3.55 (3.21, 3.90)

3.67 (3.31, 4.03)

3.68 (3.30, 4.06)

3.71 (3.39, 4.04)

3.70 (3.38, 4.02)

0.971

Weight,

Kg

Baseline

10.50 (9.81, 11.18)

10.65 (9.97, 11.33)

11.44 (10.75, 12.13)

10.88 (10.24, 11.53)

11.04 (10.49, 11.58)

0.356

Final

11.19 (10.56, 11.81)

11.47 (10.75, 12.20)

12.22 (11.52, 12.92)

11.55 (10.87, 12.23)

11.68 (11.12, 12.25)

0.351

Change

0.69 (0.49, 0.90)†

0.82 (0.63, 1.02)†

0.78 (0.60, 0.96)†

0.67 (0.50, 0.83)†

0.65 (0.47, 0.82)†

0.603

Adjusted change *

0.73 (0.55, 0.90)

0.80 (0.62, 0.98)

0.81 (0.62, 1.00)

0.76 (0.60, 0.93)

0.68 (0.51, 0.84)

0.801

Knee height,

cm

Baseline

20.52 (19.65, 21.38)

20.65 (19.75, 21.55)

21.76 (20.85, 22.67)

21.03 (20.21, 21.84)

21.12 (20.41, 21.84)

0.332

Final

21.71 (20.89, 22.53)

22.10 (21.28, 22.93)

23.12 (22.25, 23.99)

22.21 (21.42, 22.99)

22.45 (21.76, 23.13)

0.213

Change

1.19 (0.99, 1.39)†

1.45 (1.26, 1.64)†

1.36 (1.12, 1.60)†

1.18 (1.01, 1.36)†

1.32 (1.13, 1.51)†

0.243

Adjusted change *

1.17 (0.99, 1.34)

1.30 (1.12, 1.49)

1.31 (1.12, 1.51)

1.11 (0.94, 1.27)

1.18 (1.02, 1.34)

0.383

Weight for age,

Z score

Baseline

-0.41 (-0.76, -0.06)

-0.40 (-0.70, -0.10)

-0.32 (-0.63, -0.01)

-0.42 (-0.74, -0.11)

-0.24 (-0.50, 0.02)

0.898

Final

-0.46 (-0.74, -0.17)

-0.39 (-0.68, -0.09)

-0.34 (-0.66, -0.02)

-0.51 (-0.84, -0.19)

-0.36 (-0.62, -0.10)

0.749

Change

-0.05 (-0.23, 0.13)

0.01 (-0.14, 0.17)

-0.02 (-0.11, 0.08)

-0.09 (-0.21, 0.04)

-0.12 (-0.25, 0.01)

0.669

Adjusted change *

-0.02 (-0.15, 0.11)

-0.01 (-0.14, 0.12)

0.00 (-0.14, 0.14)

-0.02 (-0.14, 0.10)

-0.08 (-0.20, 0.04)

0.908

Weight for height,

Z score

Baseline

0.33 (-0.01, 0.68)

0.28 (-0.01, 0.58)

0.35 (0.05, 0.65)

0.35 (0.04, 0.65)

0.50 (0.25, 0.76)

0.865

Final

0.84 (0.53, 1.15)

0.75 (0.44, 1.07)

0.91 (0.55, 1.27)

0.80 (0.46, 1.14)

0.76 (0.45, 1.08)

0.970

Change

0.51 (0.21, 0.80)†

0.47 (0.19, 0.74)†

0.56 (0.36, 0.75)†

0.45 (0.24, 0.67)†

0.26 (0.03, 0.49)†

0.446

Adjusted change *

0.53 (0.29, 0.76)

0.39 (0.14, 0.64)

0.53 (0.27, 0.78)

0.50 (0.28, 0.72)

0.31 (0.09, 0.53)

0.594

Height for age,

Z score

Baseline

-1.27 (-1.63, -0.91)

-1.16 (-1.46, -0.86)

-1.09 (-1.41, -0.78)

-1.32 (-1.63, -1.01)

-1.19 (-1.44, -0.94)

0.868

Final

-2.10 (-2.44, -1.76)

-1.83 (-2.24, -1.42)

-1.82 (-2.22, -1.43)

-2.11 (-2.46, -1.76)

-1.80 (-2.13, -1.48)

0.425

Change

-0.83 (-1.11, -0.55)†

-0.67 (-0.96, -0.37)†

-0.73 (-0.94, -0.52)†

-0.79 (-1.01, -0.57)†

-0.61 (-0.86, -0.36)†

0.717

Adjusted change *

-0.81 (-1.06, -0.56)

-0.60 (-0.86, -0.34)

-0.65 (-0.92, -0.37)

-0.74 (-0.98, -0.50)

-0.60 (-0.83, -0.37)

0.710


Treatment abbreviations: Iron supplement (IS), iron plus folic acid supplement (IFS), multiple micronutrients supplement (MMS), micronutrient fortified complementary food as porridge powder (FCF), or zinc, iron and ascorbic acid fortified water (FW). Values are means (95% CI).

* Estimated changes adjusted for initial value and community. Weight, height and knee height are also adjusted for age.

† Change is significant within treatment at p < 0.05 in paired T-Test

Rosado et al. Nutrition Journal 2010 9:40   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-9-40

Open Data