Table 2

Changes of anthropometric measurements prior to, at two and six months of treatment

Variables

Groups


Zinc

Vitamin A

Zinc+ Vit A

Placebo


BMI (kg/m2), mean ± SD

0 month

16.5 ± 2.2

16.5 ± 2.2

16.6 ± 2.1

16.4 ± 2.5

2 month

17.7 ± 2.3‡

17.8 ± 2.2‡

17.7 ± 2.0‡

17.5 ± 2.4‡

6 month

18.5 ± 2.22‡

18.1 ± 2.42‡

18.3 ± 2.02‡

18.4 ± 2.62‡

Increasing BMI from the baseline

(kg/m2), mean ± SD

0 to 6 month

1.9 ± 1.3

1.7 ± 1.6

1.9 ± 1.5

2.0 ± 1.4

MUAC (cm), median (IQR)

0 month

21.1 (19.8-23.1)

21 (20-23)

21.3(20-23.6)

21.8(19-23.6)

2 month

23 (21-25)‡

22 (20.1-24.7)‡

23 (21-24)‡

23 (20.8-24.5)‡

6 month

24 (22.5-25.1)‡

23.0 (21.8-25.0)‡

24.0 (22.0-25.3)‡

24 (22.5-26)‡

Body fat (%),mean ± SD

0 month

11 ± 4.5

11 ± 6.2

10.8 ± 4.7

11.9 ± 5.9

2 month

12.9 ± 5.0‡

13.3 ± 5.9‡

12.9 ± 5.1‡

14.2 ± 6.1‡

6 month

14.5 ± 5.82‡

14.2 ± 6.42‡

14.2 ± 6.42‡

16.0 ± 6.32‡


SD = standard deviation, IQR = interquartile range, significant changes from baseline, paired student-T ‡p < 0.001

Pakasi et al. Nutrition Journal 2010 9:41   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-9-41

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