Table 4

Morphometric and biochemical determinations in the heart of standard fed rats

Groups


Cardiac determinations

C

C-Olive

C-Oleuropein

C-Cafeic


Heart weight (g)

0.95 ± 0.14

1.03 ± 0.10

1.00 ± 0.11

1.05 ± 0.05

Heart weight/body weight (g/kg)

2.85 ± 0.17

2.88 ± 0.08

2.90 ± 0.05

2.84 ± 0.21

Total protein (g/g tissue)

0.18 ± 0.03

0.17 ± 0.01

0.17 ± 0.02

0.19 ± 0.01

LH (nmol/g tissue)

150.07 ± 9.96

135.03 ± 3.18a

129.93 ± 6.66a

144.20 ± 14.75

TAS (%)

26.78 ± 2.39

31.40 ± 2.04a

33.51 ± 3.39a

27.96 ± 6.48

LH/TAS

5.81 ± 1.56

4.40 ± 1.04

3.92 ± 0.55a

5.60 ± 2.38

SOD (μmol/g protein)

9.90 ± 0.73

8.77 ± 0.82

9.32 ± 0.97

7.6 ± 0.63ac

Catalase (nmol/g protein)

985.0 ± 80.7

967.4 ± 49.7

956.5 ± 101.6

887.0 ± 90.3

GSH-Px (nmol/mg protein

6.65 ± 4.95

6.31 ± 3.14

6.93 ± 1.31

5.58 ± 1.93

LDH (nmol/mg protein)

751.5 ± 116.8

781.6 ± 75.7

712.8 ± 235.3

636.6 ± 108.5


Values are given as mean ± SD.

C, control rats receiving saline; C-Olive, standard-fed rats receiving olive oil; C-Oleuropein, standard-fed rats receiving oleuropein; C-Cafeic, standard-fed rats receiving cafeic acid; LH, lipid hydroperoxide; TAS, total antioxidant substances; SOD, superoxide dismutase; GSH-Px, glutathione peroxidase; LDH, lactate dehydrogenase.

ap < 0.05 vs. C group.

b p < 0.05 vs. C-Olive group.

c p < 0.05 vs. C-Oleuropein group.

Ebaid et al. Nutrition Journal 2010 9:46   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-9-46

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