Table 3

Per capita energy intake from beverages among Mexican Children Aged 1-4 by Socio-Demographic Factors, 2006

National

Area

Socioeconomic Status

Rural

Urban

Lowa

Mediumb

Highc


Beverage

Regular Soft drinks

18.3 (0.78)

12.5 (0.78)£

20.4 (1.0)

15.2 (1.1)b.c

19.8 (1.5)a

21.3 (1.6)a

Sweetened Coffee & Tea

5.5 (0.27)

10.3 (0.59) £

3.7 (0.28)

8.4 (0.48)b,c

3.8 (0.44)a,c

2.5 (0.38)a,b

Sweetened beverages§

38.1 (1.4)

30.2 (2.2) £

41.0 (1.8)

29.2 (1.6)b,c

40.3 (2.5)a,c

50.8 (3.9)a,b

Atole

9.4 (0.87)

20.0 (2.2.) £

5.4 (0.81)

15.5 (1.6)b,c

5.3 (1.2)a

4.4 (1.4)a

Whole milk

220.0 (5.0)

176.5 (7.2) £

236.3 (6.3)

173.1 (6.5)b,c

252.0 (8.8)a

258.9 (11.7)a

Whole flavored

10.8 (1.8)

7.2 (1.8)

12.2 (2.3)

9.4 82.2)

9.0 (2.5)

15.9 (5.3)

Unsweetened fruit juice

6.2 (0.41)

4.4 (0.64) £

6.9 (0.52)

4.4 (0.50)b,c

7.0 (0.81)a

8.3 (0.94)a

Unsweetened coffee & tea

0.054 (0.01)

0.08 (0.28)

0.04 (0.01)

0.08 (0.02) b

0.02 (0.007) a

0.05 (0.02)

Skim milk

2.1 (0.54)

0.44 (0.14) £

2.8 (0.75)

0.40 (0.11) b,c

3.6 (1.34) a

3.2 (1.22) a

TOTAL

310.5 (5.6)

261.6 (8.4) £

328.9 (7.4)

255.9 (7.2) b,c

341.0 (9.8) a

365.3 (14.2) a


Region

Gender


Northa

Centralb

Mexicoc

Southd

Males

Females

Beverage

Regular Soft drinks

27.1 (1.9)b,c,d

19.1 (1.6)a,d

17.5 (2.3)a,d

12.7 (0.83)a,b.c

17.9 (1.0)

18.7 (1.2)

Sweetened Coffee & Tea

3.0 (0.36)b,d

4.1 (0.42) a,d

3.3 (0.70)d

9.3 (0.56) a,b.c

5.3 (0.38)

5.6 (0.39)

Sweetened beverages§

40.4 (3.1)

40.3 (2.6)d

40.3 (5.1)

33.6 (1.9)b

41.2 (2.2) £

34.8 (1.8)

Atole

2.3 (1.4)d

3.5 (0.70)d

3.9 (1.7)d

21.7 (2.2) a,b.c

8.6 (1.2)

10.2 (1.3)

Whole milk

204.0 (10.5)b,c

236.4 (9.0)

262.5 (16.1)d

194.0 (7.4) a,b.c

226.3 (6.8)

213.5 (7.3)

Whole flavored

10.6 (3.2)

4.3 (1.3)c,d

21.4 (8.4)b

12.0 (2.7)b

9.8 (2.6)

11.8 (2.4)

Unsweetened fruit juice

5.2 (0.87)b

7.7 (0.89)a,b,c

6.3 (1.2)d

5.4 (0.49) a,b.c

5.3 (0.52) £

7.2 (0.64)

Unsweetened coffee & tea

0.02 (0.01)

0.03 (0.01)

0.10 (0.05)

0.06 (0.02)

0.06 (0.02)

0.05 (0.01)

Skim milk

2.1 (1.08)

0.69 (0.47)

4.5 (2.04)

2.5 (1.1)

2.0 (0.66)

2.3(0.89)

TOTAL

294.6 (11.7) c

316.1 (9.9)

359.9 (20.9) a,d

291.4 (9.3) c

316.6 (8.2)

304.3 (8.1)


£ = significantly different at p < 0.05

a,b,c,d = Within a subgroup, means in a row with superscripts without a common letter differ (p < 0.05).

Barquera et al. Nutrition Journal 2010 9:47   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-9-47

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