Table 5

Multivariate analysis of relation between food pattern group and diagnoses at the health check-up (the Västerbotten Intervention Program 1992-2005).1, 2

Sex

Women

Men


Food pattern group

(FPG) (n)

High fat

Tea & ice cream

(3,122)

Coffee & sandwich

(2,100)

Fruit & vegetables

(756)

Tea, soda, & cookies

(4,726)

Fruit & vegetables

(2,175)


Elevated S-lipid levels

All, crude model3

1.0 (-)

0.86 (0.80-0.92)

1.02 (0.96-1.09)

0.92 (0.84-1.00)

0.87 (0.82-0.92)

0.96 (0.90-1.03)

Previously Healthy

Adequate Reporters, crude

1.0 (-)

0.80 (0.71-0.91)

0.94 (0.83-1.07)

0.86 (0.71-1.04)

0.86 (0.76-0.96)

0.75 (0.65-0.87)

Previously Healthy

Adequate Reporters, adjusted4

1.0 (-)

1.00 (0.88-1.14)

0.94 (0.82-1.08)

0.89 (0.72-1.09)

0.91 (0.80-1.04)

0.8 (0.68-0.93)

Elevated blood pressure

All, crude model3

1.0 (-)

0.78 (0.71-0.85)

1.12 (1.04-1.21)

1.25 (1.14-1.38)

0.92 (0.86-0.98)

1.14 (1.06-1.22)

Previously Healthy

Adequate Reporters, crude

1.0 (-)

0.85 (0.72-1.00)

1.17 (0.99-1.39)

1.34 (1.06-1.68)

0.97 (0.84-1.12)

1.03 (0.87-1.21)

Previously Healthy

Adequate Reporters, adjusted4

1.0 (-)

1.03 (0.86-1.24)

1.02 (0.85-1.23)

1.02 (0.78-1.32)

0.89 (0.76-1.05)

0.94 (0.78-1.13)

Diabetes

All, crude model3

1.0 (-)

0.99 (0.82-1.20)

1.28 (1.07-1.53)

1.67 (1.37-2.03)

0.98 (0.85-1.14)

1.48 (1.28-1.71)

Previously Healthy

Adequate Reporters, crude

1.0 (-)

0.90 (0.56-1.43)

0.73 (0.42-1.28)

1.33 (0.69-2.55)

0.82 (0.56-1.22)

1.06 (0.69-1.63)

Previously Healthy

Adequate Reporters, adjusted4

1.0 (-)

0.99 (0.6-1.62)

0.65 (0.37-1.15)

1.13 (0.58-2.21)

0.88 (0.59-1.33)

1.12 (0.71-1.75)

IGT/diabetes

All, crude model3

1.0 (-)

1.05 (0.95-1.16)

1.13 (1.02-1.25)

1.27 (1.13-1.43)

1.10 (0.99-1.22)

1.34 (1.20 1.49)

Previously Healthy

Adequate Reporters, crude

1.0 (-)

0.94 (0.77-1.14)

0.91 (0.73-1.13)

0.98 (0.72-1.33)

1.24 (0.97-1.59)

1.23 (0.93-1.63)

Previously Healthy

Adequate Reporters, adjusted4

1.0 (-)

1.09 (0.89-1.34)

0.84 (0.67-1.05)

0.87 (0.64-1.20)

1.276 (0.98-1.64)

1.22 (0.92-1.63)

IFG/IGT/diabetes

All, crude model3

1.0 (-)

0.93 (0.86-1.00)

1.06 (0.98-1.14)

1.21 (1.11-1.32)

0.93 (0.87-0.99)

1.09 (1.01 (1.17)

Previously Healthy

Adequate Reporters, crude

1.0 (-)

0.87 (0.76-1.00)

0.89 (0.76-1.06)

0.92 (0.74-1.11)

0.98 (0.85-1.13)

1.01 (0.86-1.19)

Previously Healthy

Adequate Reporters, adjusted4

1.0 (-)

1.01 (0.87-1.17)

0.81 (0.69-0.95)

0.79 (0.63-0.99)

1.06 (0.91-1.23)

1.04 (0.88-1.23)


Abbreviations: IGT = Impaired Glucose Tolerance; IFG = Impaired Fasting Glucose.

1 The FPG High Fat used as comparison group among both women and men (n = 3,398 women, 1,790 men).

2 Numbers given are odds ratio (95% confidence interval)

3 All participants, before exclusion of previously ill participants and low energy reporters.

4 Adjusted for previously being told about high blood pressure (without being given medication for it), family history of ill health, age, BMI, education, cohabiting status (with adult/living with only children/living alone), physical leisure activity (< 1/w, 1/w, >1/w), smoking (never, ex-smoker, present smoker), snuff use (never, ex-user, present user), alcohol use (not problematic/problematic).

Hörnell et al. Nutrition Journal 2010 9:48   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-9-48

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