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Open Access Research

Efficacy of Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB) supplement in management of constipation among nursing home residents

Hyang Mi An1, Eun Hye Baek1, Seok Jang1, Do Kyung Lee1, Mi Jin Kim1, Jung Rae Kim1, Kang Oh Lee2, Jong Gi Park3 and Nam Joo Ha1*

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Pharmacy, Sahmyook University, Seoul 139-742, Republic of Korea

2 Department of Life Science, Sahmyook University, Seoul 139-742, Republic of Korea

3 Eden Adventist Hospital, Gyeonggi-do 472-851, Republic of Korea

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Nutrition Journal 2010, 9:5  doi:10.1186/1475-2891-9-5

Published: 5 February 2010

Abstract

Background

Constipation is a significant problem in the elderly, specifically nursing home and/or extended-care facility residents are reported to suffer from constipation. Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are beneficial probiotic organisms that contribute to improved nutrition, microbial balance, and immuno-enhancement of the intestinal tract, as well as diarrhea and constipation effect. The objective of this study was to investigate the efficacy of this LAB supplement in the management of nursing home residents.

Methods

Nineteen subjects (8M, 11F; mean age 77.1 ± 10.1) suffering with chronic constipation were assigned to receive LAB (3.0 × 1011 CFU/g) twice (to be taken 30 minutes after breakfast and dinner) a day for 2 weeks in November 2008. Subjects draw up a questionnaire on defecation habits (frequency of defecation, amount and state of stool), and we collected fecal samples from the subjects both before entering and after ending the trial, to investigate LAB levels and inhibition of harmful enzyme activities. Results were tested with SAS and Student's t-test.

Results

Analysis of questionnaire showed that there was an increase in the frequency of defecation and amount of stool excreted in defecation habit after LAB treatment, but there were no significant changes. And it also affects the intestinal environment, through significantly increase (p < 0.05) fecal LAB levels. In addition, tryptophanase and urease among harmful enzyme activities of intestinal microflora were significantly decreased (p < 0.05) after LAB treatment.

Conclusion

LAB, when added to the standard treatment regimen for nursing home residents with chronic constipation, increased defecation habit such as frequency of defecation, amount and state of stool. So, it may be used as functional probiotics to improve human health by helping to prevent constipation.