Table 1

Effects of Ramadan fasting on nutrient intake

Outcome

Reference

Subjects

Effect


Energy (kcal)

Adlouni [25]

32 M

Kassab [51]

44 W

1

Lamine [52]

9 M & 21 W

Rakicioğlu [27]

21 W

2

Al-Hourani [53]

57 W

El Ati [24]

16 W

Ibrahim [14]

9 M & 5 W

Carbohydrate (%)

Adlouni [25]

32 M

Al-Hourani [53]

57 W

Bouhlel [33]

9 M

El Ati [24]

16 W

Maughan [28]

59 M

Rakicioğlu [27]

21 W

Protein (%)

Adlouni [25]

32 M

El Ati [24]

16 W

Maughan [28]

59 M

Al-Hourani [53]

57 W

Bouhlel [33]

9 M

Rakicioğlu [27]

21 W

Fat (%)

Bouhlel [33]

9 M

El Ati [24]

16 W

Khaled [26]

276 W

Rakicioğlu [27]

21 W

Adlouni [25]

32 M

Al-Hourani [53]

57 W

Maughan [28]

59 M


1 Energy intake at day 14 increased compared to pre-fasting values (p < 0.05). Energy intake at day 28 did not change compared to pre-fasting values (p > 0.05).

2 Energy intake increased to an extent that approached significance (p = 0.058).

M = men; W = women

Trepanowski and Bloomer Nutrition Journal 2010 9:57   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-9-57

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