Table 2

Associations between diet quality scores (Healthy Eating Index, HEI) and clinical characteristics, dietary intakes, and biochemical markers of postmenopausal women (n = 173).

Characteristics

N

Diet Good HEI > 80 (n = 5)

Diet Need Improvement HEI 80-51(n = 84)

Diet poor HEI < 51 (n = 84)

p value*


Clinical Characteristics

0.779

Age group (years)

≤ 49

44

0 (0.0)

23 (52.3)

21 (47.7)

50-59

86

4 (4.7)

40 (46.5)

42 (48.8)

≥ 60

43

1 (2.4)

21 (48.8)

21 (48.8)

Age of menopause (years)

0.933

≤ 40

29

0 (0.0)

15 (51.7)

14 (48.3)

≥ 41

144

5 (3.5)

69 (47.9)

70 (48.6)

Menopause duration (years)

0.852

≤ 5

85

3 (3.5)

42 (49.4)

40 (47.1)

6-10

45

1 (2.2)

19 (42.2)

25 (55.6)

> 10

43

1 (2.3)

23 (53.5)

19 (44.2)

Marital Status

0.619

with partner

124

4 (3.2)

57 (46.0)

63 (50.8)

without partner

49

1 (2.0)

27 (55.1)

21 (42.9)

BMI (kg/m2)

0.757

< 25

42

1 (2.4)

21 (50.0)

20 (47.6)

25 - 29,9

68

3 (4.4)

35 (51.5)

30 (44.1)

≥ 30

63

1 (1.6)

28 (44.4)

34 (54.0)

Waist Circumference (cm)

0.379

< 88

48

0 (0.0)

22 (45.8)

26 (54.2)

≥ 88

125

5 (4.0)

62 (49.6)

58 (46.4)

WHR

0.707

< 80

32

0 (0.0)

17 (53.1)

15 (46.9)

≥ 80

141

5 (3.6)

67 (47.5)

69 (48.9)

Body fat (%)

0.021

< 25

12

1 (8.3)

3 (25.0)

8 (66.7)

25-35

64

4 (6.2)

25 (39.1)

35 (54.7)

≥ 35

97

0 (0.0)

56 (57.7)

41 (42.3)

Lean Mass (%)

0.279

< 70

136

4 (2.9)

70 (51.5)

62 (45.6)

≥ 70

37

1 (2.7)

14 (37.8)

22 (59.5)

Use of hormone therapy

0.316

Yes

70

3 (4.3)

40 (57.2)

27 (38.5)

No

103

2 (1.9)

44 (42.7)

57 (55.4)

Physical exercise

0.406

Yes

35

0 (0.0)

20 (57.1)

15 (42.9)

No

138

5 (3.6)

64 (46.4)

69 (50.0)

Smoking

0.264

Yes

45

0 (0.0)

26 (57.8)

19 (42.2)

No

128

5 (3.9)

58 (45.3)

65 (50.8)

High-Blood Pressure (mmHg)

0.801

Yes

70

1 (1.4)

35 (50.0)

34 (48.6)

No

103

4 (3.9)

49 (47.6)

50 (48.5)

Dietary Intakes

Total energy intake (kcal/d)

0.005

< 2000.0

135

4 (3.0)

60 (44.4)

71 (52.6)

≥ 2000.0

38

1 (2.6)

24 (61.2)

13 (34.2)

Proteins (%)

0.009

< 10

16

0 (0.0)

5 (31.2)

11 (68.8)

10-35

153

5 (3.3)

76 (49.7)

72 (47.0)

> 35

4

0 (0.0)

3 (75.0)

1 (25.0)

Carbohydrate (%)

< 0.001

< 45

79

0 (0.0)

24 (30.4)

55 (69.6)

45-65

90

5 (5.6)

56 (62.2)

29 (32.2)

> 65

4

0 (0.0)

4 (100.0)

0 (0.0)

Lipid (%)

< 0.001

< 20

3

0 (0.0)

3 (100.0)

0 (0.0)

20 - 35

74

5 (6.8)

57 (77.0)

12 (16.2)

> 35

96

0 (0.0)

24 (25.0)

72 (75.0)

Saturated fat (%)

< 0.001

< 7

54

2 (3.7)

37 (68.5)

15 (27.8)

≥ 7

119

3 (2.5)

47 (39.5)

69 (58.0)

Monounsaturated fat (%)

< 0.001

< 10

78

4 (5.1)

53 (67.9)

21 (27.0)

≥ 10

95

1 (1.0)

31 (32.6)

63 (66.4)

Polyunsaturated fat (%)

< 0,001

< 10

59

0 (0.0)

13 (22.0)

46 (78.0)

10-15

62

2 (3.2)

32 (51.6)

28 (45.2)

> 15

52

3 (5.7)

39 (75.0)

10 (19.3)

Biochemical Markers

Glucose (mg/dL)

0.942

≤ 100

132

4 (3.0)

63 (47.7)

65 (49.3)

> 100

41

1 (2.4)

21 (51.2)

19 (46.4)

Total Cholesterol (mg/dL)

0.804

< 200

74

3 (4.1)

35 (47.3)

36 (49.6)

≥ 200

99

2 (2.0)

49 (49.5)

48 (48.5)

HDLC (mg/dL)

0.884

≥ 50

85

3 (3.5)

40 (47.1)

42 (49.4)

< 50

88

2 (2.3)

44 (50.0)

42 (47.7)

LDLC (mg/dL)

0.877

< 100

36

1 (2.8)

16 (44.4)

19 (52.8)

≥ 100

137

4 (3.0)

68 (49.6)

65 (47.4)

Triglycerides (mg/dL)

0.573

< 150

95

4 (4.2)

46 (48.4)

45 (47.4)

≥ 150

78

1 (1.3)

38 (48.7)

39 (50.0)


Data are expressed in numbers and in percentage between parentheses.

BMI, body mass index; WHR, waist hip ratio; high density lipoprotein cholesterol, HDLC;

low density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDLC.

*Statistical difference between groups p < 0.05 (Fisher's Exact test)

Tardivo et al. Nutrition Journal 2010 9:64   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-9-64

Open Data