Table 3

Diet survey of cassava consuming children

Nigeria

n = 656

Kenya

n = 449


Protein Intake

Total protein intake (g/kg)

2.5 ± 1.2

1.2 ± 0.9

Dietary protein: energy ratio

9.7 ± 3.8

8.4 ± 3.8

Children with protein intake ≥ 1.1 g/kg*

569 (87%)

212 (47%)

Children with protein-energy ratio ≥ 5.3%

596 (91%)

245 (55%)


Energy, zinc and iron intake

Energy intake (kcal/kg)

84 ± 10

76 ± 8

Zinc intake (mg)

3.1 ± 1.8

3.3 ± 2.2

Iron intake (mg)

9.1 ± 5.8

6.0 ± 4.1


Cassava consumption

> 50% of dietary energy from cassava

74 (11%)

295 (66%)

25-50% of dietary energy from cassava

156 (24%)

103 (23%)

15-25% of dietary energy from cassava

102 (15%)

17 (4%)

5-15% of dietary energy from cassava

130 (20%)

15 (3%)

<5% of dietary energy from cassava

194 (30%)

19 (4%)


Dietary Diversity

Household dietary diversity score (0-12)**

4.0 ± 1.4

4.5 ± 1.3

Number of different food items consumed

7.0 ± 2.7

4.6 ± 1.2

Consumed an animal-source food

271 (41%)

319 (71%)


Data expressed as mean ± standard deviation or n (%)

*Chosen to an adequate level of protein intake on the basis of WHO/FAO/UNU consultation [3]

**FANTA Household Dietary Diversity Score [22]

Stephenson et al. Nutrition Journal 2010 9:9   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-9-9

Open Data