Table 1

Baseline characteristics* according to extreme quintiles of specific types of fat intake in the SUN project.

Characteristic

Saturated fat

Trans unsaturated fat

MUFA fat

PUFA fat

Q1

Q5

Q1

Q5

Q1

Q5

Q1

Q5


Sex (% men)

37.7

41.1

34.5

43.8

42.9

28.8

36.8

38.8

Age at baseline (y)

39.4 (11.9)

34.6 (9.9)

38.9 (11.6)

35.1 (10.2)

38.4 (12.0)

36.2 (10.6)

37.8 (11.2)

35.3 (10.9)

BMI (kg/m2)

23.4 (3.3)

23.0 (3.3)

23.2 (3.3)

23.0 (3.3)

23.3 (3.2)

23.0 (3.3)

23.1 (3.3)

22.9 (3.3)

Smoking:

Ex smoker (%)

30.4

22.7

30.6

22.0

26.9

29.2

29.1

26.0

Current (%)

19.9

25.3

20.3

23.5

19.7

26.0

21.6

23.2

Leisure time physical activity (Mets-h/wk)

23.6 (25.9)

19.3 (24.1)

23.6 (25.8)

19.1 (21.8)

23.4 (26.4)

19.0 (21.7)

23.2 (27.1)

18.8 (21.3)

Total energy intake (Kcal/d)

2537 (581)

2495 (616)

2616 (551)

2508 (594)

2534 (577)

2503 (610)

2617 (517)

2519 (616)

Mediterranean Dietary Score (0-8)

4.9 (1.4)

2.8 (1.4)

4.8 (1.4)

2.9 (1.5)

4.5 (1.5)

3.4 (1.6)

4.3 (1.6)

3.8 (1.6)

Total fat intake (g/d)*

80.4 (15.9)

113.7 (13.7)

87.8 (19.3)

107.4 (15.1)

77.0 (12.6)

118.5 (12.9)

84.1 (17.4)

108.7 (16.1)

Saturated fat intake (g/d)*

22.8 (4.2)

45.5 (6.4)

25.8 (6.8)

42.0 (8.4)

26.4 (6.3)

39.2 (9.3)

31.0 (9.8)

34.8 (8.4)

Monounsaturated fat intake (g/d)*

34.5 (9.4)

48.4 (8.5)

38.5 (11.6)

45.0 (8.6)

29.6 (4.6)

56.0 (7.3)

35.2 (8.7)

46.0 (10.2)

Polyunsaturated fat intake (g/d)*

12.9 (5.1)

14.6 (4.3)

13.5 (5.3)

14.3 (4.1)

11.6 (4.2)

16.2 (4.9)

9.0 (1.7)

20.5 (4.0)

Trans unsaturated fat intake (g/d)*

0.6 (0.3)

1.5 (0.6)

0.4 (0.2)

1.7 (0.4)

0.8 (0.4)

1.2 (0.6)

0.9 (0.6)

1.0 (0.5)


*Continuous variables are expressed as the mean and (standard deviation). Categorical variables are expressed as percentages.

MUFA: Monounsaturated fatty acid. PUFA: Polyunsaturated fatty acid. Q1: First quintile (lowest intake). Q5: Fifth quintile (highest intake)

Ruano et al. Nutrition Journal 2011 10:121   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-10-121

Open Data