Table 2

Postprandial (PP) metabolic measures (mean ± SEM) following three meals differing in fat type (n = 10)

Time point

Area under

Measure

Baseline

1 h PP

2 h PP

4 h PP

6 h PP

the curve


Glucose (mmol/L)*a


O3FA

5.9 ± 0.3

6.7 ± 0.5

6.1 ± 0.5

5.7 ± 0.3

6.2 ± 0.5

36.4 ± 2.0


SFA

6.2 ± 0.5

6.2 ± 0.7

6.4 ± 0.6

5.9 ± 0.5

5.9 ± 0.4

36.5 ± 3.0


MFA

5.8 ± 0.2

6.2 ± 0.5

5.4 ± 0.3

5.7 ± 0.2

5.9 ± 0.2

34.4 ± 1.3


Insulin (mU/L)*b


O3FA

12.6 ± 3.8

54.8 ± 14.8

43.4 ± 10.9

16.4 ± 3.2

11.5 ± 1.9

171 ± 36


SFA

8.9 ± 1.2

46.9 ± 11.9

29.0 ± 6.2

10.7 ± 1.0

9.8 ± 2.3

126 ± 20


MFA

11.5 ± 2.2

40.2 ± 10.5

33.1 ± 8.3

18.6 ± 4.4

14.7 ± 4.3

148 ± 34


Triglycerides (mmol/L) †* c


O3FA

1.49 ± 0.45

1.79 ± 0.45

1.61 ± 0.40

1.92 ± 0.38

2.28 ± 0.59

11.08 ± 2.52


SFA

1.42 ± 0.38

1.34 ± 0.27

1.24 ± 0.26

1.63 ± 0.30

1.65 ± 0.30

8.83 ± 1.69


MFA

1.82 ± 0.63

2.27 ± 0.66

2.25 ± 0.58

2.41 ± 0.59

2.79 ± 0.74

13.97 ± 3.68


Non-esterified fatty acids (mmol/L)*d


O3FA

0.33 ± 0.05

0.17 ± 0.04

0.10 ± 0.02

0.20 ± 0.02

0.39 ± 0.05

1.27 ± 0.15


SFA

0.37 ± 0.06

0.10 ± 0.02

0.08 ± 0.02

0.21 ± 0.03

0.39 ± 0.05

1.22 ± 0.15


MFA

0.29 ± 0.05

0.15 ± 0.06

0.14 ± 0.05

0.20 ± 0.02

0.32 ± 0.04

1.21 ± 0.20


O3FA = omega 3 fatty acid enriched meal, SFA = high saturated fat meal, and MFA = high monounsaturated fat meal

† Effect of treatment p < 0.05, MFA > SFA

* Effect of time p < 0.05

a 1 h PP > all other time points

b 1 h PP > all time points, 2 h PP > all except 1 h

c baseline < all PP time points

d baseline > all time points except 6 h PP

Peairs et al. Nutrition Journal 2011 10:122   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-10-122

Open Data