Table 1

Description of the families surveyed.

N

Snacker

No snacker

Overall

p-value1

BMI

p-value2

608

607

1215

(Snackers only)


Number of children in the family

p < 0.001

p = 0.232

One

63 (10.4)

109 (18.0)

172 (14.2)

17.6 [15.2; 19.2]

Two or more

545 (89.6)

498 (82.0)

1043 (85.8)

17.3 [15.3; 20.4]

Number of Children in the family aged 6-10 yrs

p = 0.001

p = 0.047

One

395 (65.0)

450 (74.1)

845 (69.5)

17.8 [15.3; 20.4]

Two or more

213 (35.0)

157 (25.9)

370 (30.5)

16.6 [15.3; 19.0]

Family Composition

p = 0.003

p = 0.017

Normal (father, mother and children)

527 (86.7)

558 (91.9)

1085 (89.3)

17.6 [15.3; 19.2]

Enlarged (normal with grandparents or other relatives living together)

81 (13.3)

49 (8.1)

130 (10.7)

16.6 [16.0; 23.1]

Father's Education

1213

p < 0.001

p = 0.005

Up to the mandatory school

312 (51.3)

233 (38.5)

545 (44.9)

17.6 [15.9; 20.4]

High school degree

225 (37.0)

270 (44.6)

495 (40.8)

17.8 [15.2; 19.2]

BS or more

71 (11.7)

102 (16.9)

173 (14.3)

15.9 [13.9; 20.0]

Mother's Education

1208

p = 0.001

p = 0.060

Up to the mandatory school

246 (40.8)

208 (34.4)

454 (37.6)

17.8 [16.0; 20.7]

High school degree

306 (50.7)

309 (51.1)

615 (50.9)

17.3 [15.2; 19.0]

BS or more

51 (8.5)

88 (14.5)

139 (11.5)

17.5 [14.5; 19.4]

Father's Job

1211

p = ns

p = 0.005

Independent worker

221 (36.3)

237 (39.3)

458 (37.8)

18.1 [15.3; 20.4]

Dependent worker

377 (62.0)

359 (59.5)

736 (60.8)

17.1 [15.3; 19.2]

Other (retired, unemployed)

10 (1.6)

7 (1.2)

17 (1.4)

15.3 [15.3; 15.3]

Mother's Job

1207

p = ns

p = 0.010

Independent worker

91 (15.1)

89 (14.7)

180 (14.9)

16.6 [15.9; 18.2]

Dependent worker

247 (41.0)

257 (42.5)

504 (41.8)

17.3 [14.9; 19.0]

Other (retired, unemployed, housewife)

265 (43.9)

258 (42.7)

523 (43.3)

17.8 [15.9; 20.8]

Mother has a full time job (40 hrs per week)

1207

p = ns

p = 0.053

Yes

129 (38.7)

134 (39.0)

263 (38.8)

16.5 [14.9; 19.0]

No

204 (61.3)

210 (61.0)

414 (61.2)

17.8 [15.3; 18.3]

Who is taking care of the child outside schooltime

1213

p = 0.009

p < 0.001

Mother/Father

499 (82.1)

529 (87.4)

1028 (84.7)

17.6 [15.9; 20.4]

Other people

109 (17.9)

76 (12.6)

185 (15.3)

15.3 [14.6; 18.8]

Exercise Time (hours per week) of the mother

1175

p < 0.001

p < 0.001

None

428 (74.8)

416 (69.0)

844 (71.8)

16.7 [15.3; 18.8]

Between one and three hours

68 (11.9)

138 (22.9)

206 (17.5)

19.0 [17.8; 20.8]

Four hours or more

76 (13.3)

49 (8.1)

125 (10.6)

18.3 [14.9; 20.4]

Mother's BMI

1161

23 [21; 24]

22 [20; 24]

22 [20; 24]

p = 0.015

p < 0.001

Underweight/normal

454 (79.9)

472 (79.6)

926 (79.8)

p = 0.002

16.7 [15.3; 18.8]

Overweight

72 (12.7)

101 (17.0)

173 (14.9)

20.0 [17.6; 20.4]

Obese

42 (7.4)

20 (3.4)

62 (5.3)

21.4 [14.3; 23.4]

Exercise Time (hours per week) of the father

1176

p = ns

p = 0.025

None

425 (73.7)

424 (70.8)

849 (72.2)

17.4 [15.8; 19.2]

Between one and three hours

93 (16.1)

100 (16.7)

193 (16.4)

17.8 [15.3; 20.8]

Between four and six hours

43 (7.5)

57 (9.5)

100 (8.5)

18.3 [14.9; 19.2]

Seven hours or more

16 (2.8)

18 (3.0)

34 (2.9)

14.8 [11.6; 22.4]

Father's BMI

1100

25 [24; 27]

25 [24; 27]

25 [24; 27]

p = 0.152

p < 0.001

Underweight/normal

265 (48.4)

285 (51.5)

550 (50.0)

p = ns

16.6 [15.3; 18.7]

Overweight

243 (44.4)

227 (41.0)

470 (42.7)

17.8 [15.1; 20.7]

Obese

39 (7.1)

41 (7.4)

80 (7.3)

18.3 [17.6; 22.8]

Nationality of the family

1193

p = ns

p = 0.003

Italian

557 (94.7)

579 (95.7)

1136 (95.2)

17.4 [15.3; 19.8]

Mixed Italian and other nationality

21 (3.6)

20 (3.3)

41 (3.4)

21.4 [15.3; 25.7]

Other nationality

10 (1.7)

6 (1.0)

16 (1.3)

-


N refers to the number of valid responses. If no indicated, the number is 1215. Absolute numbers and percentages. P-value1 refers to the significance of the difference among snackers and no snackers, p-value2 to the difference in BMI across categories of each variable in the snackers only group.

Gregori et al. Nutrition Journal 2011 10:132   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-10-132

Open Data