Table 3

Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for rhinoconjunctivitis by quartiles of intake of meat and fish in 1745 pregnant women, Kyushu Okinawa Maternal and Child Health Study, Japan

Variable

Quartile


1 (Lowest) (n = 436)

2 (n = 436)

3 (n = 436)

4 (Highest) (n = 437)

P for trend


Meat

Intake, g/day*

35.1

54.0

70.2

95.6

Prevalence, %

20.6

26.2

26.2

30.7

Crude OR (95% CI)

1.00

1.36 (0.99-1.87)

1.36 (0.99-1.87)

1.70 (1.25-2.32)

0.001

Adjusted OR (95% CI)

1.00

1.37 (0.99-1.89)

1.34 (0.97-1.85)

1.71 (1.25-2.35)

0.002

Fish

Intake, g/day*

22.8

37.2

49.5

71.7

Prevalence, %

26.8

24.3

27.3

25.2

Crude OR (95% CI)

1.00

0.88 (0.65-1.19)

1.02 (0.76-1.38)

0.92 (0.68-1.24)

0.83

Adjusted OR (95% CI)

1.00

0.82 (0.60-1.12)

0.98 (0.72-1.33)

0.87 (0.63-1.19)

0.63


* Values for intake are medians for adjusted energy intake using the residual method for each quartile.

Prevalence of rhinoconjunctivitis based on the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood for each quartile.

Adjustment for age; gestation; region of residence; number of older siblings; number of children; smoking; secondhand smoke exposure at home and at work; family history of asthma, atopic eczema, and allergic rhinitis; household income; education; and body mass index.

Miyake et al. Nutrition Journal 2012 11:19   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-11-19

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