Table 4

Stool characteristics at 14 (enrollment), 60, 90, and 120 days of age
Age Stool frequency OverallP Stool consistency, n (%)
Group (n) Mean (±SE)* hard formed soft unformed or seedy watery OverallP
14 days Control (142) 2.6±0.2 0.074 4 (3) 6 (4) 88 (63) 40 (29) 2 (1) 0.526
PDX/GOS (139) 3.0±0.2 5 (4) 10 (8) 66 (51) 44 (34) 5 (4)
GOS (138) 3.1±0.2 2 (2) 9 (7) 73 (55) 5 (4) 6 (5)
60 days Control (102) 2.0±0.1 0.002†‡ 2 (2) 13 (13) 76 (75) 9 (9) 1 (1) <0.001†‡
PDX/GOS (101) 2.6±0.2 1 (1) 6 (6) 57 (56) 30 (30) 7 (7)
GOS (96) 2.6±0.2 0 (0) 7 (7) 64 (67) 21 (22) 3 (3)
90 days Control (99) 2.0±0.1 0.083 0 (0) 14 (14) 70 (71) 11 (11) 3 (3) 0.089
PDX/GOS (97) 2.3±0.1 1 (1) 6 (6) 61 (66) 21 (23) 4 (4)
GOS (87) 2.4±0.1 0 (0) 6 (7) 64 (73) 15 (17) 3 (3)
120 days Control (97) 2.0±0.1 0.265 2 (2) 11 (12) 71 (76) 9 (10) 1 (1) 0.004†
PDX/GOS (95) 2.3±0.1 0 (0) 5 (5) 63 (68) 17 (18) 7 (8)
GOS (87) 2.2±0.1 2 (2) 7 (8) 59 (70) 13 (15) 3 (4)

* Mean ± standard error (SE) stool frequency. Means for 14, 60, 90, and 120 days are based on 24-hour recall at study visits.

†Control vs. PDX/GOS significantly different (P < 0.05).

‡Control vs. GOS significantly different (P < 0.05).

Ashley et al.

Ashley et al. Nutrition Journal 2012 11:38   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-11-38

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