Table 1

Characteristics of 210 elderly patients with type 2 diabetes
Variables Mean ± SD n (%)
Age (y) 72.3 ± 5.4
Gender
Men 98 (46.7)
Female 112 (53.3)
Diabetes duration (y) 10.9 ± 7.6
Diabetes medication
Oral hypoglycemic drug 147 (70.0)
Insulin and Oral hypoglycemic drug 63 (30.0)
Dietary intake
Energy intake (kcal/kg) 26.0 ± 7.8
Protein intake (g/kg) 0.8 ± 0.3
Magnesium intake (mg/kg) 3.6 ± 1.7
Magnesium intake < DRI 186 (88.6)
Serum magnesium (mmol//L) 0.78 ± 0.09
Hypomagnesaemia ( < 0.75 mmol//L) 78 (37.1)
Serum albumin (g/dL) 4.0 ± 0.3

1. Taiwan DRI (dietary reference intakes, DRI) of magnesium for health individuals above 19 years of age is 360 mg/d for males and 315 mg/d for females.

2. Categorical variables were analyzed according to frequency distribution and expressed in number and percentages [n (%)].

3. Continuous variables were presented as mean values and standard deviation (Mean ± SD).

Huang et al.

Huang et al. Nutrition Journal 2012 11:41   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-11-41

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