Table 4

Distribution of characteristics (means (SD)) across sex-specific quintiles of the DHD-index in 749 Dutch men and women*
Sex-specific quintiles of Dutch Healthy Diet index
1 (n = 148) 2 (n = 150) 3 (n = 151) 4 (n = 149) 5 (n = 150) P for trend
Age (y) 24.8 (3.7) 25.1 (3.5) 24.8 (3.5) 24.7 (3.5) 25.4 (3.7) 0.346
BMI (kg/m2) 23.9 (3.9) 24.1 (4.2) 23.6 (4.2) 24.1 (3.9) 24.0 (3.9) 0.799
Energy intake (MJ/day) 11.1 (3.5) 10.4 (3.2) 9.8 (3.0) 9.3 (3.0) 8.3 (2.7) <0.001
Supplements (%) 28.2 20.8 32.5 24.7 29.3 0.750
Diet regime (%) 2.0 5.4 10.6 4.6 12.0 0.005
Education (%) 0.059
Low 25.7 28.0 23.8 20.8 15.2
Moderate 44.6 46.7 44.4 55.0 50.1
High 29.7 25.3 31.8 24.2 33.8

*cut-off quintiles men: 47.7, 54.9, 60.6, 67.2.

cut-off quintiles women: 50.4, 56.5, 62.7, 70.6.

Diet regime: Salt restriction, fat/cholesterol restriction, diabetes, energy restricted, energy restricted (own initiative), light digestible, lactose restricted, vegetarian (no meat/fish), antroposophical, other.

low education=primary school, vocational and lower general secondary education. Moderate=higher secondary education and intermediate vocational training. High=higher vocational education and university.

van Lee et al.

van Lee et al. Nutrition Journal 2012 11:49   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-11-49

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