Table 5

Means (SD) of selected micronutrients across sex-specific quintiles of DHD-index in 749 Dutch men and women*
Sex-specific quintiles of Dutch healthy diet index
Micronutrients (day) 1 (n = 148) 3 (n = 151) 5 (n = 150) P for trend
Calcium (mg) 1744 (880) 1632 (719) 1414 (693) <0.001
Folate (mcg) 169 (76) 166 (92) 177 (91) 0.344
Iron (mg) 9.3 (3.1) 9.8 (5.7) 9.1 (3.8) 0.999
Magnesium (mg) 309 (126) 299 (125) 290 (116) 0.257
Potassium (mg) 3056 (1129) 2991 (1080) 3036 (1096) 0.975
Riboflavin (mg) 1.5 (0.) 1.5 (0.7) 1.3 (0.6) 0.002
Thiamin (mg) 1.0 (0.4) 1.0 (0.4) 1.0 (0.5) 0.119
Vitamin A (RE) 974 (882) 975 (1031) 905 (775) 0.420
Vitamin B6 (mg) 1.6 (0.8) 1.5 (0.7) 1.6 (0.7) 0.857
Vitamin B12 (mcg) 3.8 (2.1) 3.6 (5.4) 3.2 (2.8) 0.118
Vitamin C (mg) 63 (40) 76 (48) 108 (62) <0.001
Vitamin E (mg) 12.6 (7.0) 10.5 (5.8) 9.6 (5.0) <0.001
Calcium (mg) 1598 (775) 1739 (902) 1786 (1086) 0.201
Folate (mcg) 149 (48) 167 (71) 211 (86) <0.001
Iron (mg) 8.5 (2.5) 10.0 (6.8) 10.9 (3.5) <0.001
Magnesium (mg) 272 (64) 303 (116) 345 (102) <0.001
Potassium (mg) 2718 (673) 3039 (906) 3649 (1077) <0.001
Riboflavin (mg) 1.4 (0.6) 1.5 (0.8) 1.5 (0.7) 0.014
Thiamin (mg) 0.9 (0.3) 1.0 (0.5) 1.2 (0.4) <0.001
Vitamin A (RE) 882 (770) 987 (1001) 1073 (894) 0.058
Vitamin B6 (mg) 1.4 (0.4) 1.5 (0.7) 1.9 (0.6) <0.001
Vitamin B12 (mcg) 3.4 (2.1) 3.7 (4.3) 3.8 (3.2) 0.189
Vitamin C (mg) 57 (40) 79 (50) 134 (80) <0.001
Vitamin E (mg) 11.1 (5.0) 10.3 (4.7) 11.2 (4.4) 0.952

*cut-off quintiles men: 47.7, 54.9, 60.6, 67.2.

cut-off quintiles women: 50.4, 56.5, 62.7, 70.6.

RE = retinol equivalents.

van Lee et al.

van Lee et al. Nutrition Journal 2012 11:49   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-11-49

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