Table 3

Intake per food group across ethnicities, stratified by total caloric intake: Mean proportional intakes and regression models
Mean proportional intake (% over total servings per day) Effect of total caloric intake on mean proportional intake by food group
Low caloric intake High caloric intake (linear regression)
Fruits 20.00 ± 11.93 * 15.03 ± 9.86 –4.79 ± 2.26 *
Hispanic 24.37 ± 12.34 * 18.18 ± 5.96 –5.63 ± 2.04 **
African American 16.46 ± 10.70 13.53 ± 10.12 –2.14 ± 3.04
Vegetables 9.74 ± 5.67 9.30 ± 4.80 −0.49 ± 1.07
Hispanic 10.37 ± 5.51** 7.72 ± 2.64 −2.89 ± 2.02 **
African American 10.15 ± 6.05 9.11 ± 4.62 −0.33 ± 1.03
Grains 19.12 ± 8.26 * 24.80 ± 7.40 6.17 ± 1.61 *
Hispanic 16.55 ± 6.99 * 20.68 ± 4.52 5.11 ± 1.94 *
African American 24.6 ± 8.26 26.49 ± 7.51 3.22 ± 2.20
Meats 17.13 ± 9.30 19.48 ± 7.68 2.21 ± 1.74
Hispanic 15.25 ± 6.52 15.72 ± 5.63 −0.70 ± 1.01
African American 19.69 ± 10.45 21.45 ± 7.86 1.75 ± 2.63
Dairy 15.43 ± 10.18 * 10.37 ± 5.07 −5.60 ± 1.62 *
Hispanic 17.62 ± 9.58 15.02 ± 6.13 −4.63 ± 2.54 **
African American 10.03 ± 8.11 8.83 ± 5.04 −2.66 ± 1.91
Fats and Oils 7.70 ± 5.75 ** 9.91 ± 5.53 2.10 ± 1.66 **
Hispanic 5.41 ± 3.98 * 9.55 ± 7.42 3.41 ± 1.81 **
African American 10.15 ± 6.36 9.60 ± 4.63 −0.73 ± 1.62
Sweets 6.62 ± 5.84 8.02 ± 6.70 1.50 ± 1.28
Hispanic 6.85 ± 4.04 ** 10.85 ± 6.58 4.35 ± 2.50 **
African American 6.53 ± 3.60 7.16 ± 5.47 0.35 ± 1.51
Nuts and seeds 0.91 ± 1.82 0.38 ± 0.80 −0.46 ± 0.43
Hispanic 0.36 ± 0.95 ** 0.19 ± 0.56 −0.30 ± 0.26
African American 1.04 ± 3.03 0.56 ± 0.78 −1.01 ± 0.75
Miscellaneous 0.03 ± 0.03 0.03 ± 0.03 −0.01 ± 0.01
Hispanic 0.03 ± 0.04 0.02 ± 0.03 −0.02 ± 0.01
African American 0.03 ± 0.03 0.03 ± 0.03 0.001 ± 0.01

- Low caloric intake is group of reference.

- All models are controlled for sex, age and BMI.

- High caloric intake; for males 1 to 3 years: > 1046 kcal/day; for males >3 years: >1742 kcal/day; for females 1 to 3 years: >992 kcal/day; for females > 3 years: > 1642 kcal/day. Cut points based on DRIs (EER).

* Difference between low and high caloric intake p < 0.05.

** Difference between low and high caloric intake p < 0.10 (marginal significance).

Salvo et al.

Salvo et al. Nutrition Journal 2012 11:62   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-11-62

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