Table 2

Adjusted logistic regression coefficients and odds ratios (OR) for each diet quality indicator separately evaluated for predicting an at-risk BMI (> = 25 kg/m2) after adjustment for potential confounding factors in inuit adults
Independent variables Model 11 Model 22
OR (95%CI) p-value OR (95% CI) p-value
% E Protein 1.01(0.99-1.02) 0.31
% E Fat 1.00(0.99-1.01) 0.81
% E Carbohydrates 0.99(0.99-1.00) 0.09 0.99(0.98-1.00) <0.01**
Fibre (g)3 0.99(0.97-1.01) 0.33
% E High Sugar Drinks4
 Low (1%-15.5%)  vs No 1.43(1.05-1.95) 0.02* 1.53(1.12-2.11) <0.01**
 High (>15.5%)  vs No 1.59(1.15-2.19) <0.01** 1.91(1.34-2.72) <0.01**
% Soft Drinks
 Yes vs No 1.25(0.96-1.61) 0.10
% E High Fat Foods5 1.00(1.00-1.01) 0.28 1.00(0.99-1.01) 0.84
% E Saturated Fat 1.00(0.97-1.03) 0.83
% E Traditional Food
 Low (1% - 25%)  vs No 1.00(0.75-1.33) 0.98
 High (26%-100%)  vs No 1.16(0.84-1.62) 0.37
HEI6 1.00(0.99-1.01) 0.77

Note. Dietary factors are evaluated as a % of total energy intake and adjusted for caloric intake in regression analyses with the addition of total kilocalories as an additional covariate.

1Adjusted for age (years), sex, region (ISR, Nunavut, Nunatsiavut), and walking (continuous MET score), total kilocalories, current smoking and drinking in past the year.

2Adjusted for age (years), sex, region, walking (continuous MET score), total kilocalories, % E from carbohydrates, % E from high sugar drinks, % E from high fat foods, current smoking and drinking in past the year. Not adjusted for % E from carbohydrates for the % E carbohydrates model, not adjusted for % E from high sugar drinks for the high sugar drinks model, not adjusted for % E from high fat foods for the % E from high fat foods model.

3Total kilocalories entered as an additional covariate.

4Percent of total energy from drinks with >25% of energy as sugar.

5Percent of total energy from foods with >40% energy as fat.

6Based on the Canadian Food Guide, HEI assigns a score (max = 100) based on diet quality of the individual; total kilocalories entered as an additional covariate.

* P < 0.05; ** P < 0.01.

Zienczuk et al.

Zienczuk et al. Nutrition Journal 2012 11:73   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-11-73

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