Table 2

Average amount of each beverage consumed by children<15 years during NHANES 19761980, NHANES 19881994, and NHANES 2001-2006
Beverage Mean Intake (Fl. oz./day)1 Change (A-B) p-value (A-B) Change (B-C) p-value (B-C) Change (A-C) p-value (A-C)
NHANES 1976-1980* (A) NHANES 19881994 (B) NHANES 20012006 (C)
Total Milk
<1–5 years 14.7 ± 0.2 14.0 ± 0.2 16.3 ± 0.4 −0.7 0.0133 2.3 <0.0001 1.6 0.0003
<1 year N/A 22.0 ± 3.4 17.8 ± 1.2 N/A N/A −4.2 0.2441 N/A
1 year 15.3 ± 0.5 17.3 ± 0.6 20.3 ± 0.5 2.0 0.0104 3 0.0001 5 <0.0001
2 years 12.6 ± 0.4 13.1 ± 0.4 16.6 ± 0.5 0.5 0.3768 3.5 <0.0001 4 <0.0001
3 years 13.5 ± 0.4 13.3 ± 0.5 14.9 ± 0.6 −0.2 0.7548 1.6 0.0405 1.4 0.0522
4 years 14.5 ± 0.4 13.2 ± 0.4 13.9 ± 0.4 −1.3 0.0216 0.7 0.2159 −0.6 0.2888
5 years 15.3 ± 0.5 13.0 ± 0.4 15.0 ± 0.7 −2.3 0.0003 2 0.0131 −0.3 0.7273
100% Fruit Juice
<1–5 years 7.4 ± 0.2 9.5 ± 0.4 10.3 ± 0.3 2.1 <0.0001 0.8 0.1096 2.9 <0.0001
<1 year N/A 4.8 ± 0.3 5.4 ± 0.3 N/A N/A 0.6 0.1573 N/A
1 year 6.6 ± 0.3 9.3 ± 0.8 10.8 ± 0.5 2.7 0.0016 1.5 0.1118 4.2 <0.0001
2 years 8.3 ± 0.4 11.1 ± 0.6 11.0 ± 0.5 2.8 0.0001 −0.1 0.8981 2.7 <0.0001
3 years 7.5 ± 0.4 10.6 ± 1.2 12.2 ± 0.8 3.1 0.0143 1.6 0.2673 4.7 <0.0001
4 years 8.0 ± 0.5 8.8 ± 0.5 9.7 ± 0.4 0.8 0.2579 0.9 0.1599 1.7 0.0079
5 years 8.1 ± 0.5 8.2 ± 0.7 10.0 ± 0.6 0.1 0.9075 1.8 0.0509 1.9 0.0150
Fruit Drink
<1–5 years 10.4 ± 0.3 10.7 ± 0.3 12.1 ± 0.4 0.3 0.4795 1.4 0.0051 1.7 0.0007
<1 year N/A 8.1 ± 2.5 8.8 ± 1.2 N/A N/A 0.7 0.8007 N/A
1 year 8.8 ± 0.6 9.0 ± 0.6 12.3 ± 0.9 0.2 0.8137 3.3 0.0023 3.5 0.0012
2 years 10.8 ± 0.5 10.0 ± 0.7 12.8 ± 0.8 −0.8 0.3524 2.8 0.0084 2 0.0340
3 years 10.5 ± 0.6 10.7 ± 0.7 10.1 ± 0.4 0.2 0.8283 −0.6 0.4568 −0.4 0.5791
4 years 11.1 ± 0.6 10.6 ± 0.6 12.2 ± 0.9 −0.5 0.5557 1.6 0.1391 1.1 0.3092
5 years 11.1 ± 0.5 12.7 ± 0.8 13.1 ± 0.9 1.6 0.0899 0.4 0.7398 2 0.0521
Soft Drinks
<1–5 years 7.0 ± 0.3 7.8 ± 0.2 7.9 ± 0.4 0.8 0.0265 0.1 0.8231 0.9 0.0719
<1 year N/A 6.4 ± 2.8 1.8 ± 0.4 N/A N/A −4.6 0.1013 N/A
1 year 5.4 ± 0.4 5.0 ± 0.3 5.4 ± 1.4 0.4 0.4237 0.4 0.7800 0 1.0000
2 years 6.6 ± 0.3 6.7 ± 0.3 6.2 ± 0.3 0.1 0.8137 −0.5 0.2386 −0.4 0.3458
3 years 6.8 ± 0.3 7.7 ± 0.4 7.6 ± 0.6 0.9 0.0719 0.1 0.8897 0.8 0.2330
4 years 7.9 ± 0.4 8.4 ± 0.4 8.8 ± 0.5 0.5 0.3768 0.4 0.5322 0.9 0.1599
5 years 8.4 ± 0.6 9.7 ± 0.5 9.8 ± 0.6 1.3 0.0960 0.1 0.8981 1.4 0.0990

1Mean ± standard error; fluid ounce (fl. oz.). calculated on the assumption that 1 fl oz = 30 g; N/A: not available; 8 fl. oz. is equivalent to one cup.

*Data only available for children 6 months or older.

Fulgoni and Quann

Fulgoni and Quann Nutrition Journal 2012 11:92   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-11-92

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