Table 2

Na and K excretion (g/24h) according to adherence to food based dietary guidelines[6]
Recommendation Children follow (n=58 [n (%)] Na excretion (Mean (sd)) K excretion (Mean (sd))
Following FBDG Not following FBDG Following FBDG Not following FBDG
Fruits and vegetables ≥400 g/d1 5 (8.5) 1.89 (0.99) 1.62 (0.48) 1.44 (0.33) 1.19 (0.43)
Fish ≥34 g/d1 24 (40.7) 1.60 (0.51) 1.68 (0.56) 1.34 (0.52) 1.12 (0.34)
Fish liver oil ≥5 g/d1 9 (15.3) 1.84 (0.62) 1.61 (0.52) 1.12 (0.38) 1.23 (0.44)
Dairy products ≥two servings/d1 36 (61.0) 1.65 (0.62) 1.65 (0.39) 1.32 (0.46) 1.04 (0.32)4
Fibre ≥11 g/d2 22 (37.3) 1.59 (0.49) 1.67 (0.56) 1.38 (0.48) 1.12 (0.36)4
Salt ≤3.2 g/d3 17 (28.8) 1.11 (0.18) 1.88 (0.48)5 1.33 (0.48) 1.16 (0.40)

sd: Standard Deviation.

1[6] adjusted according to [23].

2[25].

3[24].

4p<0.05 between following FBDG and not following FBDG.

5p<0.01 between following and not following FBDG.

Kristbjornsdottir et al.

Kristbjornsdottir et al. Nutrition Journal 2012 11:94   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-11-94

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