Table 1

Demographic, anthropometric, clinical and laboratory characterization of individuals according to the uric acid quartile
Quartile 1 Quartile 2 Quartile 3 Quartile 4
Age (years) 53,4 ± 9.7a 52.7 ± 9.8a 51.7 ± 9.5a 54.1 ± 9.4a
Weight (kg) 69.3 ± 13.3a 71.5 ± 12.7a 76.8 ± 16b 81.6 ± 17c
Height (m) 1.62 ± 0.08a 1.61 ± 0.08a 1.62 ± 0.1a 1.63 ± 0.08a
Body Mass Índex (kg/m2) 26.17 ± 3.7a 27.2 ± 3.9a 29.0 ± 5.2b 30.5 ± 5.2c
Waist Circumference (cm) 87.64 ± 11.9a 90.9 ± 11.1b 94.2 ± 13c 99.4 ± 13.7d
% of body fat 27.8 ± 5.6a 29.3 ± 7.8ab 31 ± 8.4b 33.6 ± 8.5c
Muscle Mass Índex (kg/m2) 10.8 ± 4.1a 8.8 ± 4b 8.7 ± 3.9b 8.8 ± 4b
Total Energy Intake (kcal) 1612 ± 608a 1584 ± 603a 1651 ± 700a 1581 ± 613a
Carbohydrate (%) 51.05 ± 9.7a 51.7 ± 10.8a 50.8 ± 9.1a 51 ± 10.7a
Protein (%) 18.8 ± 6.11a 19.1 ± 6.2a 19.3 ± 6.2a 18.4 ± 5.9a
Total Lipid (%) 30.17 ± 8.9a 29.2 ± 9.2a 30.0 ± 8.1a 30.4 ± 8.5a
Saturated Lipid (%) 8.12 ± 4.1a 7.7 ± 3.6a 8.4 ± 4.1a 7.9 ± 3.6a
Monounsaturated Lipid (%) 8.32 ± 2.95a 9.0 ± 4.3a 8.9 ± 3.5a 9.1 ± 3.5a
Polyunsaturated Lipid (%) 5.65 ± 2.8a 6.2 ± 2.8a 6.1 ± 3.3a 7.4 ± 3.6b
Fiber (g) 14.1 ± 7.1a 13.8 ± 8.6a 13.3 ± 7.6a 13.1 ± 8.1a
Cholesterol (mg) 183 ± 120.8a 188 ± 126a 198 ± 124a 185 ± 135a
Cereal (servings) 3.35 ± 1.8a 3.5 ± 1.6a 3.4 ± 1.8a 3.4 ± 1.5a
Fruits (servings) 3 ± 2.73a 2.8 ± 3.1a 2.7 ± 3.2a 2.8 ± 3.0a
Vegetables (servings) 3.6 ± 2.8a 2.9 ± 2.5ab 2.2 ± 2b 3.1 ± 3.1a
Legumes (servings) 1.2 ± 1.7a 1.1 ± 1.1a 1.1 ± 1.5a 1.3 ± 1.8a
Dairy (servings) 1.7 ± 1.7a 1.4 ± 1.2a 1.5 ± 1.2a 1.5 ± 1.3a
Meat (servings) 2.13 ± 1.6a 2.3 ± 1.6a 2.1 ± 1.5a 1.9 ± 1.5a
Sugar (servings) 1.67 ± 1.6a 1.7 ± 1.7a 2.0 ± 1.9a 1.5 ± 2.2a
Oil (servings) 2.4 ± 2.4a 2.4 ± 2.5a 2.4 ± 1.9a 2.7 ± 2.2a
Variety (number) 14.27 ± 4.2a 13.3 ± 3.5a 13.1 ± 3.6a 13.5 ± 4a
Health Eat Index (points) 86.4 ± 13a 83.2 ± 12.5a 82.3 ± 14.3a 81.8 ± 15a
Plasma urea (mg/dL) 30.5 ± 8.5a 32 ± 10.6ab 32.2 ± 10.2ab 34.8 ± 14.4b
Plasma creatinine (mg/dL) 0.89 ± 0.2a 0.93 ± 0.2ab 0.96 ± 0.19b 1.04 ± 0.3c
Plasma HDL-c (mg/dL) 60.2 ± 18a 52.3 ± 15.5b 49.3 ± 14.3b 49.4 ± 13.9b
Plasma LDL-c (mg/dL) 123 ± 35.2a 132 ± 36.1ab 134 ± 37.4b 134 ± 38b
Plasma glucose (mg/dL) 101 ± 28a 102 ± 37a 100 ± 32a 104 ± 30a
Plasma total Cholesterol (mg/dL) 208 ± 41a 213 ± 44ab 215 ± 40ab 220 ± 41b
Plasma triglycerides (mg/dL) 114 (81–171)a 117 (88–174)ab 138 (93–183)bc 177 (124–232)c
Plasma total Protein (g/dL) 7.08 ± 0.5a 7.36 ± 0.6b 7.5 ± 0.6b 7.52 ± 0.6b
Plasma albumin (g/dL) 4.51 ± 0.48a 4.4 ± 0.5a 4.4 ± 0.5a 4.4 + 0.5a
Plasma gamma-gt (l/U) 25 (18–32.5)a 27 (19–57)ab 29 (21–44)ab 34 (25.5-51.5)b
Plasma calcium (mg/dL) 8.8 ± 0.4a 8.9 ± 0.9a 9.1 ± 0.4a 9.1 ± 0.4a
Plasma c-Reactive Protein (mg/dL) 0.14 (0–0.3)a 0.2 (0.1-0.75)a 0.26 (0.1-0.5)a 0.3 (0.18-0.6)a
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 126 ± 17a 126 ± 18ab 132 ± 17b 130 ± 17ab
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 80 ± 11a 79 ± 11a 82 ± 10a 83 ± 11a

Different letters = P < 0.05; a,b,c= Anova one-way.

de Oliveira et al.

de Oliveira et al. Nutrition Journal 2013 12:11   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-11

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