Table 3

Mean (SD) daily food group intake of T2DM and control groups
T2DM Controls Pvalue
Mean SD N Mean SD N
Food group
Bread (g)3 112.9 69.9 47 74.2 48.6 45 0.003
Breakfast cereals (g)2 42.1 43.8 47 53.8 52.7 45 0.327
Potatoes (g)1 96.8 59.8 47 108.6 80.5 45 0.283
Rice/pasta/other (g)3 50.3 56.0 47 76.5 81.2 45 0.141
Wholegrains (g)2 42.1 41.7 39 34.6 39.0 41 0.161
Legumes (g)2 8.2 20.9 39 9.3 16.2 41 0.280
Vegetables (g) 129.3 58.7 47 155.8 94.3 45 0.046
Fruit (g) 162.0 95.3 47 151.4 118.9 45 0.088
Nuts (g)2 5.9 10.7 39 6.5 19.7 41 0.089
Seeds (g)2 2.1 6.1 39 9.0 21.2 41 0.240
Meat & meat products (g)2 135.8 67.8 47 108.2 78.4 45 0.748
Fish (g)2 19.6 31.5 47 57.3 60.0 45 0.933
Red meat (g)3 62.3 48.7 39 51.1 42.3 41 0.317
White meat (g)3 41.8 34.0 39 41.2 62.3 41 0.136
Processed meats (g)3 35.2 29.0 39 24.1 34.0 41 0.026
Milk / cream (g)2 198.54 134.9 49 106.98 97.62 45 0.000
Cheese (g)2 13.74 17.31 49 17.93 23.08 45 0.913
Yogurts (g)2 40.76 50.51 41 35.36 45.51 41 0.241
Ice-cream (g)2 4.87 11.82 41 3.10 8.44 41 0.841
Biscuits & cakes (g)2 47.4 50.4 47 43.6 44.4 45 0.725
Sugar & confectionary (g)2 19.5 32.9 47 31.0 61.6 45 0.181
Fats & oils (g)3 15.6 10.7 47 11.8 10.4 45 0.048
Alcoholic drinks (g)2 251.2 425.0 47 298.4 392.0 45 0.063

T2DM type 2 diabetes mellitus, SD standard deviation, N subject numbers.

1Square root transformation; 2 Log transformation; 3 Non-parametric t-test analysis. All other p-values obtained by independent 2-tailed t-test analyses between T2DM group and control group.

Subject numbers may vary due to missing data.

Statistically significant (P < 0.05).

Murray et al.

Murray et al. Nutrition Journal 2013 12:110   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-110

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