Table 1

Demografic and clinical characteristics at baseline
NGLCD (n = 58) LFD (n = 52)
Gender M (n = 26) F (n = 32) M (n = 21) F (n = 31)
Age (years) 52.5 ± 7.1 55.4 ± 9.7 52 ± 8.4 54.9 ± 10.1
BMI (kg/m2) 30.6 ± 4.4 29.6 ± 2.3* 30.7 ± 4.2 28.5 ± 2.4**
WC (cm) 95.6 ± 15.4 91.5 ± 12.2 98 ± 12.4 89.02 ± 9.8
Obesity (number, %) 19 (73.1%) 24 (75%) 16 (76.2%) 22 (71%)
Hypertriglyceridemia (number, %) 18 (69.2%) 15 (46.9%) 17 (81%) 17 (54.8%)
HypoHDL-cholesterolemia (number, %) 18 (69.2%) 19 (59.4%) 17 (81%) 15 (48.4%)
Cigarette smoking (number, %) 10 (38.5%) 13 (40.6%) 7 (33.3%) 11 (35.5%)
Diabetes (number, %) 11 (42.3%) 7 (21.9%) 9 (42.9%) 6 (19.4%)
IGT (number, %) 1 (3.8%) 4 (12.5%) 5 (23.8%) 2 (6.5%)
IFG (number, %) 5 (19.2%) 2 (6.3%) 1 (4.8%) 6 (19.4%)
Normal glucose tolerance (number, %) 14 (53.8%) 21 (65.6%) 11 (52.4%) 19 (61.3%)
Hypertension (number, %) 15 (57.7%) 13 (40.6%) 11 (52.4%) 19 (61.3%)
MetS (number, %) 18 (69.9%) 18 (56.3%) 18 (85.7%) 14 (45.2%)***

All p > 0.05 except *, p = 0.036; **, p = 0.022; ***, p = 0.003; Values are expressed as mean ± SD, NGLCD normoglucidic low-calorie diet, LFD low-fat diet, BMI body mass index, WC waist circumference, HDL high density lipoproteins, IGT impaired glucose tolerance, IFG impaired fasting glucose, MetS metabolic syndrome.

Rusu et al.

Rusu et al. Nutrition Journal 2013 12:119   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-119

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