Table 3

Metabolic syndrome parameters
NGLCD LFD
Baseline 12 months Mean change Baseline 12 months Mean change
WC (cm) 92.7 ± 13.6 89.5 ± 11.9 −3.3 ± 3.6 [−4.3, -2.3] 92.4 ± 11.7 89 ± 10.6 −3.4 ± 3.1 [−6.7, -0.96]
BMI (kg/m2) 29.4 ± 3.5 28.9 ± 3.6 −1.4 ± 1.1 [−1.7, -1.1] 29.4 ± 3.4 28.3 ± 3.4 −1.1 ± 0.9 [−1.3, -0.8]
Weight (kg) 84.07 ± 13.2 80.09 ± 13.8 −3.9 ± 3.3 [−4.8, -3.1] 83 ± 11.1 79.8 ± 11.5 −3.1 ± 2.6 [−3.8, -2.3]
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 157.4 ± 50.8 128.5 ± 31 −28.9 ± 5.09 [−39.1, -18.8] 164.6 ± 47.8 134.1 ± 32.3 −30.4 ± 38.7 [−41.2, -19.7]
HDL-cholesterol (mg/dl) 42.7 ± 11.3 46 ± 10.2 3.3 ± 3.8 [4.3-2.3] 42.3 ± 10.3 46.7 ± 8.9 4.4 ± 4.03 [3.3, 5.5]
FPG (mg/dl) 104.1 ± 27.9 96.9 ± 19.7 −7.2 ± 11.2 [−10.2, -4.2] 103.7 ± 29.2 96.5 ± 19.1 −7.2 ± 13.1 [−10.8, -3.5]
Cholesterol (mg/dl) 212.4 ± 40.4 190.2 ±20.2 −22.1 ± 28.6 [−29.5, -14.7] 209.1 ± 37 185 ± 16 −24.1 ± 27.5 [−31.8, -16.4]
SBP (mmHg) 130.8 ± 11.2 125.9 ± 12.4 −4.8 ± 8.7 [−6.9,-2.7] 143.7 ± 12.2 129.4 ± 11.2 −4.9 ± 6.1 [−6.5, -3.3]
DBP (mmHg) 78.8 ±8.04 76.1 ± 8.6 −2.6 ± 10.6 [−5.2,-0.06] 84.8 ± 9.7 76.7 ± 10.3 −3.8 ± 11.1 [−6.7, -0.96]

Values are means ± SD; for mean change the results were expressed as means ± SD and 95% confidence intervals.

NGLCD normoglucidic low-calorie diet, LFD low-fat diet, WC waist circumference, BMI body mass index, HDL high density lipoproteins, FPG fasting plasma glucose, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure.

All p < 0.005 for within group change from baseline to 12 months; All p >0.05 for difference between groups at baseline and 12 months.

Rusu et al.

Rusu et al. Nutrition Journal 2013 12:119   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-119

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