Table 4

Postprandial lipid and lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations in response to single meal fat challenges with varying P/S ratios
Time 0 hr 1.5 hr 3.5 hr 5.5 hr 7 hr AUC (arbitrary POL vs POL vs AHA vs
Diet unit/min) AHA2 PCAN2 PCAN2
Plasma Total Cholesterol (mmol/L)1
POL 5.58± 0.84 5.07 ± 0.81 5.32 ± 0.91 5.32 ± 0.83 5.43 ± 0.71 2224.38 ± 283.82 ns ns ns
AHA 5.76 ± 0.97 5.41 ± 1.19 5.49 ± 0.88 5.53 ± 0.98 5.39 ± 1.26 2310.38 ± 400.11
PCAN 5.38 ± 1.21 5.25 ± 1.16 5.10 ± 1.03 5.51 ± 1.32 5.38 ± 1.36 2225.77 ± 482.45
Plasma HDL-C (mmol/L)1
POL 1.31 ± 0.31 1.57 ± 0.40 1.52 ± 0.29 1.54 ± 0.40 1.52 ± 0.36 635.61 ± 126.73 P = 0.005 P <0.001 ns
AHA 1.21 ± 0.37 1.34 ± 0.51 1.31 ± 0.35 1.21 ± 0.36 1.20 ± 0.37 533.93 ± 155.34
PCAN 1.13 ± 0.33 1.16 ± 0.33 1.10 ± 0.31 1.12 ± 0.38 1.16 ± 0.37 474.30 ± 137.91
Plasma LDL-C (mmol/L)1
POL 3.69 ± 0.92 2.71 ± 0.77 2.58 ± 1.22 2.51 ± 1.12 2.82 ± 0.80 1258.63 ± 257.86 ns P =0.004 ns
AHA 4.00 ± 0.86 3.45 ± 1.13 3.21 ± 0.87 3.24 ± 1.08 3.37 ± 1.23 1442.58 ± 354.17
PCAN 3.63 ± 1.16 3.30 ± 0.97 2.96 ± 0.98 3.33 ± 1.18 3.41 ± 1.16 1374.91 ± 419.73
Plasma Triacylglyceride (mmol/L) 1
POL 1.26 ± 0.74 1.71 ± 0.67 2.66 ± 1.35 2.77 ± 1.81 2.37 ± 1.71 952.07 ± 496.11 ns ns ns
AHA 1.19 ± 0.60 1.37 ± 0.58 2.12 ± 1.13 2.35 ± 1.45 1.76 ± 1.25 776.67 ± 411.35
PCAN 1.36 ± 0.86 1.72 ± 0.73 2.26 ± 0.99 2.32 ± 1.18 1.78 ± 1.30 835.91 ± 374.58
Plasma VLDL-C (mmol/L) 1
POL 0.49 ± 0.17 0.91 ± 0.18 0.82 ± 0.27 0.91 ± 0.15 1.05 ± 0.33 358.44 ± 54.56 ns P =0.030 ns
AHA 0.48 ± 0.28 1.13 ± 0.38 0.95 ± 0.34 1.10 ± 0.35 1.32 ± 0.42 428.59 ± 79.40
PCAN 0.51 ± 0.15 1.20 ± 0.35 1.14 ± 0.57 1.26 ± 0.56 1.36 ± 0.88 479.50 ± 165.90

POL Palm olein, AHA Soybean-Palm olein blend, PCAN Rapeseed-Palm olein blend.

n = 15; 1means ± SD; 2Bonferroni’s pair-wise analysis for between diets comparisons; ns = P <0.05.

Karupaiah and Sundram

Karupaiah and Sundram Nutrition Journal 2013 12:122   doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-122

Open Data